Урок в 10 классе по теме: "My Discovery of Scotland"



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Урок в 10 классе по теме:
“My Discovery of Scotland”.


Сухинина Ольга Степановна
учитель английского языка, первой категории

МОУ Михайловский лицей
Тип урока: Урок обобщение

  1. Образовательная цель: Познакомить учащихся с обычаями и традициями, символикой Шотландии; Обобщить лингвострановедческий материал по теме “Шотландия”. Углубить и расширить знания по теме.

  2. Развивающая цель: Совершенствовать умения и навыки практического владения английским языком по теме “Страноведение”: говорению, чтению и аудированию.

  3. Воспитательная цель: Прививать интерес к иноязычной культуре; Повысить познавательный интерес к иностранному языку.


Оборудование урока:

  • Карта Соединенного королевства,

  • эмблема и флаг Шотландии,

  • портреты Р. Бернса, Р.Л. Стивенсона, А. Флеминга, В. Скотта, А.Г. Белл, Д. Ливингстона; презентации «Эдинбургский замок»,

  • видеоролики “Military Tattoo”, песня А. Градского «В полях под снегом и дождём»,

  • компьютер (презентация),

  • карточки для учащихся,

  • картинки для коллажа,

  • карточки с домашним заданием.


План урока:

  1. Оргмомент.

  2. Речевая зарядка. Введение в сюжет урока. Актуализация знаний.

  3. Аудирование.

  4. Говорение. Введение страноведческого материала.

  5. Работа с текстом.

  6. Физминутка.

  7. Письмо.

  8. Развитие навыков устной речи.

  9. Подведение итогов урока.

Ход урока.

1. Оргмомент.

-Hello, children! I’m glad to see you. Sit down.

- Have you ever been to Scotland?

- I haven’t too.

- Would you like to visit it?

One of you will be today a storyteller. She should make a poster about our travel through Scotland. I’ll give her some pictures to make it.

2. Речевая зарядка. Введение в сюжет урока. Аудирование.

Слайд №1

Well, today we have a happy chance to visit this country, to watch its sights, to learn some more information about Scotland. So as you see, the topic of our lesson is “My Discovery of Scotland”.

Scotland is an amazing and a beautiful country. Some guide-books “say”: “Who hasn’t seen Scotland doesn’t really know Great Britain”.
Some facts about it you have known, haven’t you?
Слайд №2

  1. Where is Scotland situated?

  2. What is Scotland washed by?

  3. What rivers in Scotland do you know?

Слайд №2

  1. What colour is its flag?

  2. What means white cross?

Слайд №3

  1. Who is its Patron Saint?

Согласно легенде, в 832 году н. э. король Ангус II, возглавлявший войско пиктов и скоттов, перед битвой с англами, которых возглавлял Этельстан, в ночь перед битвой молился Богу о даровании победы на поле брани, и дал обет, что в случае победы объявит святого апостола Андрея Первозванного покровителем Шотландии. Утром облака над полем битвы образовали на голубом небе букву «Х», повторяющую форму креста, на котором в 70 г. н. э. в греческом городе Патры был распят святой апостол Андрей Первозванный. Пикты и скотты воодушевились этим божественным предзнаменованием, а англов охватил трепет. В результате войско Ангуса II, уступавшее по численности войску англов, одержало победу в битве и святой апостол Андрей Первозванный был провозглашён святым покровителем Шотландии.
На самом же деле, первое использование изображения косого креста, как национального символа, появилось только на печати шотландской гвардии в 1286 году, а появление самого флага относится к 1542 году.

Слайд №4

  1. What is the symbol of Scotland?

Do you know why the thistle is the symbol of Scotland?

3.Аудирование

Listen to the legend and try to understand it then you’ll retell it in Russian.
Text for listening: The thistle, the national emblem of Scotland, was chosen as such because it saved the country from the enemy. This is what a legend says about it. In ancient times the Vikings landed the east coast of Scotland intending to settle in the country. The Scots took their stations behind the river Tay, the largest in Scotland .Not expecting the enemy before the next day and being tired after a long march they pitched their camp and were resting. The Normans saw that no guards protected the camp so they crossed the river intending to take the Scots by surprise. On coming quite near they took off their shoes not to make noise. But one of the Viking stepped on a thistle and scream out with pain. The alarm was given in the Scots camp and the Normans were put to flight. Scots, thankful for this help, chose the thistle as their national emblem.

4. Знакомство с Шотландией. Введение страноведческого материала.

What is Scotland associated with?

Слайд №5

P1. They have unusual cloths. I want to be a cloths designer so I’ve read about it. Look at the screen. This colorful cloth is called tartan – a woolen cloth with a pattern of lines of different widths and different colours. Each clan in the Highlands has a certain color associated with it and a certain checked pattern which they wear on the kilt. (?) ‘Clan’ means family. The kilt is a knee-length dress of men and boys in the Scottish Highlands of the 16th century. Since the 19th century it has been associated with the wider culture of Scotland in general, or with Celtic elsewhere. It is most often made of woolen cloth in a tartan pattern

Accessories

The Scottish kilt is usually worn with kilt hose (woollen socks), turned down at the knee, often with garter flashes, and a sporran (Gaelic for "purse": a type of pouch), which hangs around the waist from a chain or leather strap.

Other common accessories include:

A belt (usually with embossed buckle)

A jacket (of various traditional designs)

"black knife": a small sheathed knife worn in the top of the right hose)

Ghillie brogues are low-heeled shoes made of heavy leather, originating in Scotland

Слайд №6

P2. And I am fond of music so I like to hear a bagpipe. I think a bagpipe is associated with Scotland too.

A set of bagpipes minimally consists of an air supply, a bag, a chanter (The chanter is the part of the bagpipe upon which the player creates the melody. It consists of a number of finger-holes), and usually a drone. Most bagpipes also have additional drones (and sometimes chanters) in various combinations, held in place in stocks.



  1. What big cities of Scotland do you know? Find them on the map.

  2. What is the capital of Scotland? Find it on the map.

  3. What sights in Edinburg do you know?

Слайд №7

The ghost of Edinburgh castle: I hear you talk about my castle. Have you got any questions to me?

- Where is castle situated?

- It sits on top of the famous Edinburgh rock

- How old is the castle?

- In about AD 600, three hundred men gathered around their King. This is the first mention of the name of the place, which we call Edinburgh.

- What role did the castle play later?

- There has been a royal castle here since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century, and the site continued to be a royal residence until the Union of the Crowns in 1603. From the later 17th century, the castle became a military base.

- What is the castle now?

- The castle is now in the care of Historic Scotland, and is Scotland's second-most-visited tourist attraction. The castle also houses the Scottish National War Memorial.

Слайд №8

- Look, this is The One O'Clock Gun. It is a time signal, and is fired every day, except Sunday, at precisely 13:00

- Do you know famous Scottish people? Have you heard about such people as…

Слайд №9

5. Работа с текстом

-Now you have sheets of paper in front of you. Read the information about these famous men and try to explain who they are.

  1. He was born in Edinburgh. He can be rightly called the creator of the historical novel. He wrote more than 26 novels such as “Ivanhoe”, “Woodstock”, “Quentin Durward”, etc. (Walter Scott)

  2. Boys and girls of all the countries love and admire him for his stories and books of adventure and especially for his famous book “Treasure Island”. (Robert Louis Stevenson)

  3. He discovered penicillin. (Sir Alexander Fleming)

  4. He was one of the missionaries to Africa, who discovered the Victoria Falls. He was born in 1813 in a village near Glasgow. (David Livingstone)

  5. He was born in Edinburgh. On the 10th of March, 1876 he invented the telephone. His father was a world-famous teacher of speech and the inventor of a system which he called “Visible Speech”. It helped deaf people to pronounce words they could not hear. (Alexander Graham Bell)

6. Scotland’s national poet. His poems and verses inspired Beethoven, Mendelssohn and other composers who wrote music to them. He was born on January 25, 1759. (Robert Burns)

7. Не was a Scottish theoretical physicist. His most important achievement was classical electromagnetic theory. (James Clerk Maxwell )
8. He was a British physician and writer most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes. (Arthur Conan Doyle )

9. He was a Scottish, who was a self-made man, merchant. Не created the famous Lipton tea brand. (Thomas Lipton )
Слайд №10

I think Robert Burns is the most famous man of Scotland.

  • When is the birthday of Burns?

  • Robert Burns’ birthday is a special day in Scotland. The celebration usually takes the form of a supper (called Burns Supper) at which traditional Scottish dishes are eaten and during which a Scottish piper plays, wearing the national costume. It begins with a traditional toast: “To the immortal memory of Robert Burns”. Some of Burns most popular poems are recited. Who can recite the poem by Robert Burns “My Heart’s in the Highlands”?

Слайд №11

P: My Heart’s is in Highlands, my heart is not here,
My Heart’s is in Highlands a-chasing the deer,
A-chasing the wild deer and following the roe
My Heart’s is in Highlands, wherever I go!

Farewell to the Highlands, farewell to the North,

The birth place of valour, the country of worth!

Wherever I wander, wherever I rove,

The hills of the Highlands for ever I love.
Farewell to the mountains high cover’d with snow,

Farewell to the straths and green valleys below,

Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods,

Farewell to the torrents and long-pouring floods!

My Heart’s is in Highlands, my heart is not here,
My Heart’s is in Highlands a-chasing the deer,
A-chasing the wild deer and following the roe
My Heart’s is in Highlands, wherever I go!

Thank you. Your reciting is perfect!

One of the traditional dishes served is a haggis.

6. Письмо

Слайд №12

  • P1: Sorry, may I ask a question?

  • T: Certainly.

  • P1: Does anybody know how to cook it?

  • P2: Yes, I do. I am fond of cooking. Open your copybooks and write the receipt. It is a sheep’s maw containing the minced lungs, heart and liver of the sheep, mixed and cooked with oatmeal, onions, pepper, salt and suet.

Слайд №13

Check up your writing

Haggis is eaten with mashed potatoes or turnips.

Слайд №14

At Burns Supper a piper accompanies the haggis to the dining table. Then may be Scottish dancing after meal is finished.

7.Физминутка.

Слайд №15

Katya is fond of dancing. Today she will dance and teach us to dance Scottish dance.

K: And now I’d like you to learn some elements of Scottish dances. Stand up straight. Hands on hips. Raise your right hand. Raise your left hand. Stretch your leg .Turn your back. Jump up, down. (музыка)

Well done!

8. Развитие навыков устной речи.

Finally the host will call on one of the guests to give the vote of thanks, after which everyone is asked to stand, join hands, and sing Auld Lang Syne which brings the evening to an end.

Scottish New Year customs are also connected with Robert Burns. When the clock strikes twelve, everybody stands in a circle crossing their arms and sing “Auld Lang Syne

Dear guests let’s listen and try to sing this song.

Слайд №16 (Звучит запись песни, ученики поют вместе).

Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
And never brought to mind’?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot,

And auld Lang syne?

Chorus:

And auld Lang syne, my dear,
For auld Lang syne,
We’ll talk a cup o’ kindness yet.
For auld Lang syne!

Старая дружба
Забыть ли старую любовь

И не грустить о ней?

Забыть ли старую любовь

И дружбу прежних дней?
За дружбу старую -до дна!

За счастье прежних дней!

С тобой мы выпьем, старина,

За счастье прежних дней.
И вот с тобой сошлись мы вновь,

Твоя рука- в моей,

Я пью за старую любовь,

За дружбу прежних дней!
За дружбу старую - до дна!

За счастье прежних дней!

С тобой мы выпьем, старина ,

За счастье прежних дней!
Перевод - С. Маршак.
New Year’s Eve is more important festival in Scotland than it is an England. It was believed that the first person to visit one’s house on New Year’s Day could bring good luck.

P: My friend was in Scotland last year. It was New Year there and he brought me a present. A piece of coal to wish warmth, a piece of bread to wish food and a silver coin to wish wealth.

Слайд №17,18

The ghost: We have festivals in our castle too, but in summer.

Ann: Oh, do you mean Military tattoo?

G: Yes, I do.

A: I want to tell you about this festival

A series of performances known as the Edinburgh Military Tattoo take place on the Esplanade each year during August. The first performance was in 1950.The basis of the performance is a parade of the pipes and drums of the Scottish regiments. The Tattoo has developed a complex format which includes many invited performers from around the world, although still with a largely military focus. Look video “New Zealand Army Band”

Слайд №19 (Видеоролик)

The Tattoo attracts an annual audience of around 217,000 people, and is broadcast around the world.

P1: - I am fond of sport so I have question. Is there any sport festivals in Scotland?

T:-Of course, there is. Has anybody heard about it?

P2: I watched TV report about Highland Games.

Презентация Highlands Games

The first Games were held in 1961 at Battersby Field in Bellingham.

- P1: When are Highlands Games are held?

- Summer is the season for Highlands Games a traditional annual festival of Scottish sports and music held at a centre in the Highlands. They include tossing the caber (a heavy wooden pole), throwing the hammer and other events testing strength, bagpipe music and dancing.
9. Итог урока.
T: I want to thank our guests, our participants. We’ll remember Scotland as a land of Scotsmen in kilt, playing bagpipes, romantic castles, and a land with its own national forms of dancing, its own songs, poetry, language and traditions. Now you may be the expert of Scotland and your marks are 5. (Медали для учеников)

Our storyteller is ready with her poster about our lesson. Соmе up and mark the place what you want to see in Scotland.

And now I want you to listen to the song by A.Gradsky « В полях под снегом и дождем». The words by R.Burns

Слайд №20 (Видеоролик)
Используемые интернет ресурсы:

http://www.youtube.com/, http://video.mail.ru/,

http://wiki.saripkro.ru/index.php, http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Шотландия

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