Английский язык методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов специальности 030501 "Юриспруденция" факультета заочного социально-экономического образования Мурманск 2010



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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1



Для того чтобы правильно выполнить работу № 1, необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса английского языка по рекомендованному учебнику.

1. Имя существительное. Множественное число. Артикли и предлоги как показатели имени существительного. Степени сравнения имён прилагательных.

2. Числительные.

3. Местоимения: личные, притяжательные, вопросительные, указательные, неопределённые и отрицательные.

4. Форма настоящего (Present), прошедшего (Past) и будущего (Future) времен групп Indefinite (Simple), Continuous (Progressive), Perfect действительного и страдательного залогов (Active Voice, Passive Voice). Спряжение глаголов to be, to have в Present, Past и Future Indefinite (Simple). Повелительное наклонение и его отрицательная форма.

5. Простое распространённое предложение: прямой порядок слов повелительного и побудительного предложений в утвердительной формах; обратный порядок слов вопросительного предложения. Оборот there is (are).

6. Модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты.

Вариант 1
1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст, в котором автор рассказывает о своей семье и размышляет над проблемами, с которыми может столкнуться семья, воспитывающая единственного ребенка. Дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к тексту.
THE ONLY CHILD

I was one of six children. I have two younger brothers and three elder sisters. My father was not a wealthy man and we lived in a three-bedroom house, so conditions at home were always quite cramped and there was little privacy. Yet I consider that I was extremely fortunate. The house was on the outskirts of a small town. Meadows, woods and even a friendly stream lay within walking distance of our home. My mother and father were far too busy to occupy themselves with my affairs, so the greater part of my upbringing was left to my sisters. If I am now a comparatively calm and placid person, able to cope tolerably well with those problems that life presents us with, it is, I firmly believe, due to the fact that I was allowed to grow up without too much fuss being made of me.

The most dreadful fate that I can imagine would be that of growing up as an only child. All mothers and fathers experiment on their unfortunate firstborn. They read the latest baby books, they attend clinics and courses of lectures. They listen to the advice of maiden aunts.

They debate the exact moment to present him or her with solid food. What they find extremely difficult to do is to allow their children to grow up at his own pace, to make his own mistakes and quietly learn from them.

As soon as the second baby is on the way, the first escapes from this period of close attention. He begins to get away with things.
He discovers that even if he does eat sandwiches with dirty hands, or unripe apples that have fallen from the tree, he may not be sick in the night. He acquires a sense of proportion regarding his own importance.

But what happens to the only child? Never, or at least not until it is far too late to do anything about it, does he or she escape from the minute examination of his every action. It is a miracle if he does not grow up a nervous person constantly worrying about his health, a wholly self-centered being, who shivers at the sight of his own reflection in the mirror.
1) Can you describe the place where the author lived when he was a child?

2) Was he an only child in the family?

3) Who was occupied with the upbringing of the author?

4) What character does the author have?

5) Is it easy to be an only child in the family in his opinion? Why? Why not?

6) Do you agree with the author that being an only child in the family is a real problem?
2. Дайте английские эквиваленты следующим выражениям.

1) условия в доме всегда были довольно стесненными;

2) не хватало уединения;

3) быть чрезвычайно счастливым;

4) на окраинах маленького городка;

5) способный справляться с проблемами;

6) вздрагивать при виде своего отражения в зеркале.
3. Употребите оборот there is/there are в правильной форме в нужном времени.

1) She lives in a very small flat, so conditions at home are cramped and … little privacy.

2) … meadows, woods and even a friendly stream near the place he lived.

3) … five children in the family: four boys and a girl.

4) Soon … a new shop in the center of the town.

5) … any pictures in this book?

6) … no accommodation available.
4. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где необходимо.

1) In Britain an average family consists of … mother, … father and two or three children.

2) For … weekend we sometimes go to … village where my mother has … house.

3) He works at … big automobile plant as … engineer.

4) She is … teacher of … music and plays … piano well.

5) She is … pupil of … 9th form. She does well at … school and gets only … good and … excellent marks.

6) In … evenings we watch … TV, read … books and … newspapers, listen to … music or just talk about … events of … day.
5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.

1) If you eat an unripe apple that has fallen … the tree, you may be sick … night.

2) My grand-grandmother is … poor health and she lives … my grandmother's family.

3) My sister is married and has children … her own.

4) My friend's family lives … a private house.

5) It is quite rare … Britain … grandparents, aunts and uncles to share the house … the family.

6) They usually go … bed … about midnight.
6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.

1) His father (to like) his work and (to spend) most of his time there.

2) Last year I (to leave) school and (to enter) the University. Now I (to be) a first-year student.

3) He also encouraged me in my desire to become a teacher of Literature, saying that it (to be) one of the most interesting professions he ever (to know).

4) I (to have) many friends at school. Look at this picture, we all (to take) photo in it.

5) She (to finish) school in two years.

6) He (to be) a good sportsman now but he (not to like) to speak about his sport achievements.
7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: final, shoulders, question, important, heavens, life, family, child, clothes, dream.


Nick:

Mum, I want to tell you something … .

Mother:

What is it, dear?

Nick:

I'm going to get married.

Mother:

Get married?! You must be joking.

Nick:

Nothing of the kind. It's my … decision. I'm not a … any more.

Mother:

Good …! But you are only 18. I hope you are not serious.

Nick:

Absolutely serious.

Mother:

But who is that poor thing?

Nick:

It's Helen, you know her. Helen is a … of a girl, the sweetest girl I've ever met! I can't see my … without her.

Mother:

Oh, no! Helen is out of the … . She is too young. She can't even cook, likes good … and doesn't work yet. Your marriage is sure to fall on my … .

Nick:

Don't worry. It is not as bad as that. We are going to live with her … .


8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need в утвердительной, отрицательной или вопросительной форме.

1) … I try on this blue raincoat? – Certainly. Here is the fitting room.

2) He … speak many foreign languages.

3) You … park the car there. It's forbidden.

4) Jack … laugh at John. John feels hurt.

5) You … go shopping. I have already bought all necessary things.

6) … you play any musical instrument?

9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.

My father was not a wealthy man and we lived in a three-bedroom house, so conditions at home were always quite cramped and there was little privacy.


Вариант № 2
1. Прочитайте и переведите текст , дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к нему.
MY FLAT

We live in a new 16-stored block of flats in Strogino. It is situated in a very picturesque place not far from the Moskva River. There is a big supermarket on the ground floor and it is very convenient to do every day shopping.

Our flat is on the first floor. It is very comfortable and well-planned. We have all modern conveniences, such as central heating, electricity, gas, cold and hot running water and a telephone. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a hall in our flat. There is also a balcony and we can enjoy a lovely view of the river.

The largest room in our flat is the living room and we use it as a dining room and as a sitting room. In the middle of the room there is a big table and six chairs around it. Opposite the window there is a wall unit with lots of books, a TV-set and a video cassette recorder. There are two comfortable armchairs and a small coffee table in the right-hand corner. There is also a sofa and an electric fire in our living room. We like the living room best of all, because in the evenings we gather there to have tea, watch TV, talk and rest.

My room is the smallest room in our flat, but it is very cozy and light. There is a bed, a wardrobe, a desk, an armchair and several bookshelves in my room. There is a thick carpet on the floor. The walls in my room are light-brown and there are some big posters on them. I like my room very much, but from time to time I change it round. I quite often move the bed and change the posters on the wall.

Our kitchen is large and light. It is very well-equipped. We have got a refrigerator, a freezer, a microwave oven, a coffeemaker and a toaster. We haven't got a dishwasher yet, because it is very expensive. But I am sure we'll buy it in the near future.
1) Does the family live in a house or in a block of flats?

2) Is there a study in the flat?

3) Where does the family have meals?

4) How many rooms are there in the flat?

  1. What is there in the living room?

6) Is the kitchen well-equipped?
2. Дайте английские эквиваленты русским словосочетаниям:
1) многоквартирный дом,

2) первый этаж,

3) современные удобства,

4) жилая комната,

5) менять местами (мебель и т.п.),

6) морозильная камера.
3. Выпишите из текста конструкции there is/there are и поставьте их в прошедшее время.
4. Заполните пропуски артиклями.


    1. After … weeks of … looking, we eventually bought … house.

    2. He saw … car parked by … side of … road. … driver was asleep.

    3. … French are believed to be rather romantic.

    4. Kate visited her grandmother daily, sometimes twice … week.

    5. They visited … Tate Gallery yesterday.


5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.


  1. He came … 7 o'clock … the morning.

  2. There is something odd … him.

  3. They saw an approaching car … the distance.

  4. Most people prefer traveling … air.

  5. Usually we have just a cup of coffee and a sandwich … breakfast.

  6. He has been working here … 1982.


6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.


  1. We will leave for the minute, you (to be ready).

  2. Can this man (to rely) upon?

  3. I asked him if he ever (to be) to London?

  4. This work must (to do) very carefully?

  5. An apple a day (to keep) the doctor away.

  6. (not to go) along!


7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: the largest, their, myself, everybody, the fifth, the smallest, five.


  1. Her room is … room in … flat.

  2. Almost … has modern conveniences now.

  3. The Smiths live in a …-stored block of flats.

  4. … flat is on … floor.

  5. Usually a living room is … room in a flat.

  6. I decorated my room … .


8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need.


  1. … you swim?

  2. What … happen to a man if he doesn't follow the doctors' advice.

  3. … I smoke here?

  4. Pupils … talk during the lessons?

  5. You … wear that hat. It is old-fashioned.

  6. You … work so much. You … get tired.


9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.

There is a big supermarket on the ground floor and it is very convenient to do every day shopping.


Вариант 3
1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст, в котором фотомодель Тина рассказывает о своем рабочем дне. Дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к тексту.
MY WEEK DAYS

Well, the first thing that I do as soon as I wake up is to go and have a shower. I start with a warm shower and then, just before I get out of the shower, I turn the water onto cold and for a few seconds I have a really cold shower and let the water run over me. It really wakes you up, you know. After that I usually go into my bedroom, open the bedroom window and breathe in some fresh air and sit on the floor and do a few exercises. I think it's really important that you do a few exercises first thing in the morning: it makes your body feel good and keeps the muscles firm. I usually exercise my stomach muscles and my leg muscles. I also exercise my face muscles with my fingers for a few minutes and that keeps the skin of my face very firm, which is, I think, important for a model. Well, now, after I've brushed my hair, done my exercises and had my shower, I go and have my breakfast. Now I really believe that it's important to have a really good breakfast. I don't think you should just have a cup of coffee, like some of the girls do. Well, anyway, I have orange juice every morning and often I have an egg and toast. I also like yoghurt and grapefruit. By 10 o'clock I am ready to get dressed and go to work. I usually take a taxi to work. I usually arrive at about 11. I don't usually eat anything for lunch, but sometimes I have a sandwich and a glass of milk. Then I work for about four hours with the photographer and he takes pictures, a lot of pictures. Usually they are the sort of pictures that are used in the weekly magazines, women's weekly magazines. I finish work at about 5, so as you can see I've got quite good hours: I only work from about eleven to five and then it's time to go home. When I get home I make some telephone calls, watch the news on telly, have a bath and change my clothes. Every night I usually go out. I like dancing. I go dancing quite often. I can't cook very well, so I like to eat out as often as I can afford it. I'd say I have a good life really, and I am well paid when you think about the number of hours I work.
1) How does Tina's working day begin?

2) Does Tina do her morning exercises every day? Why/Why not?

3) What does Tina's breakfast consist of?

4) What sort of work does Tina have?

5) What does Tina do in her spare time in the evening?

6) Is Tina satisfied with her life? And you: are you satisfied with your life?
2. Дайте английские эквиваленты русским словосочетаниям.
1) принимать теплый (холодный) душ;

2) поддерживать мышцы в тонусе;

3) такие фотографии, которые используются в еженедельных женских журналах;

4) время ехать домой;

5) смотреть по телевизору новости;

6) переодеваться.
3. Употребите оборот there is/there are в правильной форме в нужном времени.
1) … two cups of coffee on the table yesterday.

2) … any interesting articles in this magazine?

3) … too much furniture in Tina's bedroom.

4) … some magazines on the table. Give me one, with Tina's pictures, please.

5) … a good performance at the theatre tomorrow.

6) … a traffic jam in the street an hour ago and Tina was late for work.
4. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где необходимо.
1) If I have enough time I'll take … warm shower.

2) In ten minutes I will be ready for … breakfast.

3) I usually have something substantial for … dinner, for example, cabbage soup for … first course, hot meat and fish with some vegetables for … second.

4) Then I drink … cup of … tea or … milk.

5) Sometimes I go to … library to get ready for my practical classes or to write … report.

6) We all get together in … kitchen, then go to … sitting room and watch … TV, read … books or discuss … different problems.
5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.
1) … weekdays I usually get up … 7 o'clock.

2) Then I go … the bathroom where I clean my teeth and wash myself.

3) While having breakfast, I listen … the latest news … the radio.

4) We usually have lunch … a small café.

5) We work … 11 a.m. till 5 p.m. … Saturdays.

6) I think I get a lot … useful experience.
6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.
1) Last year I (to manage) to get a position of a secretary in a small business company.

2) It (to take) me an hour to get to work.

3) I (not to want) to waste my time on the train, so I usually (to read) books.

4) Our roof (to tear off) by the hurricane last night.

5) I already (to do) my work and now I (to be) free.

6) My friend (to fire) today.
7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: however, timetable, manage, achieve, duties, dull, especially, obligations, surprising, outstanding.
All of us have so many … and … that sometimes we don't have enough time to do all we have to do. It's really … how much work some people … to do, and quickly at that! But it often happens that we don't have enough time to do everything, and put it off till "some other time".

Planning the day is … necessary for people who want to make time for important things. Many … people say that a daily … has helped them greatly to … what they have. There are some people, …, who will say that a strict timetable makes life … and uninteresting. What do you think?
8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need в утвердительной, отрицательной или вопросительной форме.
1) You … send for the doctor.

2) You … keep my book for a week.

3) You … follow the doctor's advice. You are seriously ill.

4) What … you do for him?

5) You … buy milk. We have some at home.

6) … I switch on the radio? – Yes, you … .
9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.
I usually go into my bedroom, open the bedroom window and breathe in some fresh air and sit on the floor and do a few exercises.

Вариант 4
1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст, в котором студентка Наталья рассказывает о своих выходных днях. Дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к тексту.
MY DAY OFF

A lot of people in our country work five days a week but students and pupils work six days. They have only one day off. It is Sunday.

I like this day very much. You needn't hurry anywhere and you may go wherever you like after your week's work. On this day I wake up later than usual. But sometimes I don't get up till nine or ten o'clock. I read morning newspapers or listen to music.

As soon as I get up I air the room, make my bed and do morning exercises. Then I have breakfast, clear away the dishes and wash up. Two more hours for getting ready with my homework and I am free.

I meet my friends and we discuss our plans together. We may go to the cinema or theatre, to museums and parks. Last Sunday we went to the Botanical Garden. There were many beds of spring flowers there: red, yellow and blue. People in light clothes were walking along the paths. The air was fresh and clean. It was very pleasant to spend time there.

In fine weather we also like to be out of town. We find a nice place somewhere in the forest or on the bank of the river. We lie in the sun, play different games and swim. In winter my friends and I often go to the skating-ring. Skating is my favourite kind of sport, but I like to ski too.

When the weather is bad my friends come to my place. We listen to music or go to the cinema. On the way home we usually discuss the films we've seen.

In the evening all the members of our family get together. We have our supper, make plans for tomorrow, watch TV or read books. Reading is my hobby. Sometimes we receive guests at our place or go for a walk. I enjoy my days off very much.


  1. Why does Natalie like Sunday?

  2. What does she do in the morning on Sunday?

  3. Where did Natalie go last Sunday? Describe this place.

  4. What does Natalie do on Sunday if the weather is fine and if the weather is bad?

  5. What is her favourite kind of sport?

  6. How does she spend her Sunday evenings? And how do you usually spend the evenings on your days off?


2. Дайте английские эквиваленты русским словосочетаниям:
1) можешь пойти, куда пожелаешь;

2) проветривать комнату;

3) клумбы с весенними цветами;

4) на берегу реки;

5) лежать на солнце;

6) принимать гостей.
3. Употребите оборот there is/there are в правильной форме в нужном времени.
1) Every Sunday we go to the Botanical Garden, … a lot of beautiful flowers there: red, yellow and blue.

2) … so many theatres, parks and museums in Moscow, that sometimes it's difficult to decide where to go on days off.

3) … an interesting film on TV next Saturday.

4) How many days … in a week?

5) … a lot of people at the theatre last night?

6) … too much furniture in your room two years ago.
4. Заполните пропуски артиклями, где необходимо.
1) Eating out in … restaurant is now very popular.

2) He is free only at … weekends.

3) Natalie often goes to … country on her days off.

4) His hobby is going in for … sports.

5) … air was fresh, … sun was shining and we went to … bank of … river.

6) In big cities there is … wide variety of … restaurants serving … different types of … food at … different prices.
5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.
1) … breakfast the family decides how to spend the day.

2) A few years ago Nick was fond … collecting stamps.

3) Mr. Davies and Paul want to go … a football match, while Mrs. Davies and Veronica would rather spend the day … town buying souvenirs.

4) Where are your children? – They are … holidays … Saint Petersburg.

5) I'll stay … a hotel. I have already reserved a single room … bath.

6) The plane arrived … the airport … three hour's delay.
6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.
1) He always (to become) so happy when I (to take) him to the river on Sundays.

2) Last summer my parents (to decide) to go to the Crimea, it (to be) the greatest mistake they ever (to make).

3) She (not to want) to go to the countryside this Sunday.

4) Tomorrow Natalie (to go) to a small country house that (to be situated) in a very picturesque place.

5) Yesterday Nick (to invite) to the party.

6) I never (to see) the sea in my life.
7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: progress, week-end, tunes, studies, beautiful, theatre, fantastic, attached, old ballet, lucky.


Natalie:

Hello, Granny! How are you?

Granny:

Oh, that's you, Natalie. How nice of you to ring me up! I'm all right, thank you. And what about you? How are your … progressing?

Natalie:

It's OK. I'm quite satisfied with the … . This week I was very … .

Granny:

And how are you going to spend your …? I remember you asked me to take you to the … once.

Natalie:

It would be …, Granny! Opera and Ballet then. Do you know what is on there?

Granny:

Swan Lake. I hope it won't bore you to see an … . I am … to the old … . And Swan Lake was the first ballet in which I saw Pavlova.

Natalie:

All right then. It must be a very … ballet.


8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need в утвердительной, отрицательной или вопросительной форме.
1) You … park the car on the pavement.

2) What kind of dictionaries … you find in the library?

3) … she knit?

4) You … stay at your friends' over the weekend.

5) You … take your umbrella. It's sunny outside.

6) He … do it that way. It's bad.
9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.
A lot of people in our country work five days a week but students and pupils work six days.
Вариант № 5
1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст. Дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к нему.
HOBBIES

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.

Hobbies are divided into four large groups: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things.

The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to traveling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It is a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. President Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, match-boxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.


  1. Tastes differ. Can you say the same about hobbies?

  2. Which hobby groups do you know?

  3. The most popular hobby group is doing things, isn't it? What kind of activities does this group include?

  4. Do you know any hobbies of famous people?

  5. What can be collected?

  6. Why can learning be the most exciting aspect of a hobby?


2. Дайте английские эквиваленты русским словосочетаниям:
1) вкус,

2) разнообразие,

3) взрослый человек,

4) человек, имеющий определенное хобби,

5) ручная работа,

6) в малом масштабе, понемногу,

7) чем бы человек ни увлекался.
3. Заполните пропуски, используя конструкции there is/there are, there was/there were.


    1. … often a rainbow after rain.

    2. … nothing to be done about this.

    3. … few pens in the box.

    4. … anything interesting on the TV programme tonight?

    5. … no place like home.

    6. … many good films in the cinema that day.


4. Заполните пропуски артиклями.


  1. I had never owned … pet.

  2. He has always dreamed to enter … Cambridge University.

  3. John is … hard-working man. Sometimes he works 14 hours … day.

  4. She enjoys going to … theatre.

  5. … Smiths live on … Oxford Street.

  6. Jack has … lot of plans for … future.


5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.


  1. Jane was very tired … the end of the school year.

  2. … this time tomorrow you will be taking your examination.

  3. … weekends there is a lot of traffic … the roads.

  4. Their son shows no enthusiasm … music lessons.

  5. The granny is very kind … the kid.

  6. Don't jump … conclusions.


6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.
1) I (to hurry) to the station. My friend (to come).

2) When I (to awake) there was nobody in.

3) (to make) tea for him!

4) After breakfast he (to rise) from the table.

5) Ann, (not to forget) we (to have) a party tomorrow!

6) Mary still (to do) her lessons?
7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: some, these, everything, mine, the most, two, short, his.
1) Have you already packed …?

2) Nick has got … expensive stamps.

3) James has … jobs. He starts at 8 o'clock and works until quarter to 10.

4) He is fond of writing … stories and … wife is fond of reading … stories.

5) Monday is considered to be … difficult day of a week.

6) She was a very good friend of … .
8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need.
1) You … join our group.

2) It … be cold. Take your coat.

3) Children … go to bed at 9 o'clock.

4) … I use your telephone?

5) You … attend all lectures on maths.

6) … your mother drive?
9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.
I went to the box office to get tickets for the ballet "The Nutcracker" but found out that there were no more tickets left.

Вариант № 6
1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст. Дайте письменные ответы на вопросы к нему.
TRAVELLING

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays traveling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different types of music.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travelers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them – the sights of the city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animal and birds.

Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they have had.

People travel by train, plane, by boat, by car.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. All people choose one according to their plans and destinations.

If we are fond of traveling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand the people is to meet them in their own homes.


  1. Why do people travel?

  2. How do different people spend their holidays?

  3. What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages?

  4. Are you fond of traveling?

  5. What places have you visited?

  6. What places would you like to visit?


2. Дайте английские эквиваленты русским словосочетаниям:


  1. перемена обстановки,

  2. горожанин,

  3. валяться на солнце,

  4. отдыхающий, отпускник,

  5. фотографировать,

  6. место назначения,

  7. недостаток.


3. Заполните пропуски, используя конструкции there is/there are, there was/there were.


  1. … a mistake in your dictation.

  2. It was very early and … nobody in the street.

  3. … usually a stamp on the envelope.

  4. Many years ago … no electricity in the houses.

  5. … a lot of snow this year.

  6. … some apples in the fridge.



4. Заполните пропуски артиклями.

  1. Jane refused to look for … job.

  2. … most people prefer … traveling by … plane though it is … most expensive form of transport.

  3. He was wounded in … leg.

  4. They took part in … Olympic Games.

  5. Traditionally cooking was carried out in … evening.

  6. … practice of giving … baby … bottle of water at nights is … bad one.


5. Заполните пропуски предлогами.


  1. There was something unusual … him.

  2. He met his wife … railway station.

  3. This is what happened … Ann's birthday.

  4. Our manager is leaving … Moscow tomorrow.

  5. The boy was shivering … cold.

  6. We made an appointment … him … the next day.


6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильном времени и залоге.


  1. What you (to look) for?

  2. (To hurry up) if you (to want) to go with me!

  3. He (to go) out when the lesson was over.

  4. We (to go) to the café tonight.

  5. Bob (to come) home late yesterday.

  6. Jane (to drop) two cups while she (to wash) up last night.


7. Заполните пропуски активными словами: my, her, youngest, easier, this, himself, other, us, his, my, some.


  1. I like spending … holidays in Yalta, but I wasn't there … week.

  2. She doesn't have to work at weekends and this makes family life much … for … .

  3. Their … son wants to do everything … .

  4. Mother bought several tickets for … .

  5. … friend and … wife were very happy to be back.

  6. … people provide goods. … people provide services.


8. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, must, may, should, need.


  1. The Fine Arts Museum isn't far from here. You … take the Underground. You … just walk there.

  2. Nick … run long distances.

  3. The boy … see a doctor. He is ill.

  4. Drivers … go at 60 km an hour here.

  5. You … buy bread. We have some at home.

  6. Butter … be kept in a fridge.


9. Задайте как можно больше различных типов вопросов к предложению.
Millions of people travel long distances abroad on business trips or for holidays every year.
1   2   3   4   5   6

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