Сибирский институт международных отношений и регионоведения
Кафедра иностранных языков
Контрольные работы (задания) по английскому языку
для студентов заочного отделения СИМОиР
(срок обучения 6 лет)
1 год обучения (2 семестр)
Выполнил(а): студент(ка) группы ________
Новосибирск - 2011
Before beginning Test 1, review the following material:
The Passive Voice.
The Definite and Indefinite Articles.
The Particulars: do and make.
The Particulars: neither.
Phrasal verb “to make”( to make out, make up, make up (with smb), make up (to smb) for smth)
Word-building : the verb.
The Passive Voice.
a/ Choose the right answer.
1. A robot-nurse ____________________________ in Great Britain.
a) is now developed b) is now being developed c) is now developing
2. By that time, he ______________________ President of the company.
a) was elected b) had elected c) had been elected
3. The graffito _________________ _______ pencil by a soldier during the Civil War.
a) has been drawn / with b) was drawn / in c) was drawing / in
4. The issue ______________________________ by the company staff.
a) is looking into b) is being looked into c) is being looked
5. Recently, North Korea ______________________ in the international media.
a) has much talked about b) has been much talked about c) has been talked much about
b/ Put the words in brackets in the correct passive form.
1. The world’s future (decide) at this time.
2. Many people in Britain think that smoking age should (raise).
3. The Roman Army (divide) into legions of about 5,000 men.
4. You (press) for time if you take the course.
5. People (warn) about HIV and AIDS for over twenty years now.
6. The Anglo-Irish Agreement (sign) by Margaret Thatcher and Irish Prime Minister Garret
FitzGerald on November 15, 1985.
7. Three terror suspects (interrogate) by the police now.
8. Upper and Lower Canada (unite) by 1841.
9. Next year the farm (own) by the same family for 100 years.
10. “Cats (intend) to teach us that not everything in nature has a purpose.” (Garrison Keillor)
11. By the 1860s, baseball, unrivaled in popularity, (describe) as America's “national pastime.”
12. When I met her, she (separate) from her husband for four years.
2. The Definite and Indefinite Articles (revision).
a/Choose the right answer.
1. _____ health of a society is reflected in _____ quality of its care and respect for _____ elderly and disabled.
a) 0 / the / the b) the / 0 / 0 c) the / the / the
2. The castle was built _____ mostly local stone and in _____ style of _____ French chateau .
a) in / a / a b) by / a / the c) with / the / a
3. _____ Dutch are proud of their cultural heritage, _____ rich history in _____ art and music.
a) the / 0 / 0 b) 0 / a / the c) the / the / 0
4. The book is meant for _____ general public, especially _____ lovers of _____ artistic photography.
a) 0 / the / an b) the / 0 / 0 c) a / the / an
5. I have loved _____ radio ever since _____ day I broke mom’s favourite radio.
a) the / the b) 0 / a c) a / the
6. Herod the Great married _____ daughter of _____ aristocrat from Petra.
a) a / an b) the / the c) the / an
b/ Insert the, a or zero.
1. ___ Insulted and Injured by Fyodor Dostoevsky was translated by Constance Garnett.
2. Founded in 1858, the American Printing House for ___ Blind is the world's largest company
devoted solely to creating products for blind people.
3. While monkeys are able to understand the most basic grammatical rules, new research shows
they are ___ deaf to complex communication.
4. The two systems of sign-language were developed for ___ deaf and dumb.
5. The ABC journalist Bob Woodruff, ____ seriously injured in a bomb explosion in Iraq is hot
6. Switzerland has found its second case of H5 bird flu in ___ dead swan close to the German
7. ___Naked and ___ Dead is a 1948 novel, by Norman Mailer. It is based on his experiences
during World War II.
8. The Big Issue is a street newspaper published and distributed by ___ homeless in the UK.
9. This recipe came from ___ elderly gentleman I shared a table with at the seafood
10. Everyone wants rich immigrants, investor-immigrants, business immigrants, well-educated
immigrants. But we forget what type of immigrants has made Canada great, ___ poor
11. With the right help, ___ blind and disabled people can get around the web just as well as
12. I have been watching ___ Bold and ____Beautiful on TV since 1997.
Say that the same is true for you using neither.
1. I can’t speak Spanish. ___________________
2. I will definitely improve my speaking skills. __________________
3. I have never been to China. ______________________
4. I know nobody who speaks Lithuanian. ____________________
5. I’ve been really pressed for time lately. ______________________
6. I wouldn’t like to work as an interpreter. ______________________
7. I went to the seaside last summer. _________________________
4. Fill in the gaps with do or make in the correct form.
1. Who ____________ the cooking in your family?
2. My sister ____________________ a cake while talking to her boyfriend on the phone.
3. ________you ____________ anything special for Halloween?
4. The farmers ______________ cheese daily and sell it at weekly farmers’ markets or directly to local restaurants.
5. A reliable company is one that has been in business or ____________ the work for at least
three or more years.
6. I ___________ the talking, and he liked what he heard.
7. “I'll ______________ you a sandwich.” “Okay, I want turkey with cheese and pickles.”
8. The hospital administration ______ currently ________________ everything possible to
stabilize the patient’s condition.
9. Kevin has all the necessary skills and I’m sure he _____________ the job.
10. He ________________ breakfast when the lights went out.
11. We caught a taxi into town and walked around and ____________ some shopping.
12. I (never) _________ a dress before, so this was a great learning experience.
5. Recast the underlined parts so as to make them more natural. Use the phrasal
verb to MAKE.
1. As in any fiction book, all the names in War and Peace were created by the author.
2. Maura could see Terry's lips moving but could not understand a word.
3. The chemicals that form living things are all based on chains of carbon atoms.
4. The money you are offering can't correct the effect of all the troubles I went through.
5. Food poisoning or a cold are the most popular excuses students invent to get out of classes.
6. Dick adored his youngest daughter, who compensated to him for an unhappy marriage.
7. Youth compose a large proportion of the unemployed in Iran.
8. Do not look up the word in the dictionary if you can decode its meaning from the context.
9. They sometimes argued over trivial things but always re-established a friendly relationship
with each other within an hour or two.
10. Racial and ethnic minorities constitute one third of the population in the United States.
11. Has she finally become friends with her parents again?
6. Translate the sentences using the phrasal verb MAKE.
1. Прежде чем пересказывать текст, составьте его план.
2. Терпение и упорный труд могут иногда компенсировать отсутствие таланта.
3. Они закрыли дверь, и я не смог услышать (разобрать), о чём они спорили.
4. Я надеюсь, что он постарается как можно скорее расплатиться с хозяином квартиры
(landlord) за ущерб, который он ему причинил.
5. Овощи, фрукты и рыба должны составлять значительную часть вашего повседневного рациона (diet).
6. После продолжительных дебатов лидеры трёх стран наконец помирились.
7. Зрение у него стало ухудшаться, и вскоре он с трудом различал, что написано на доске.
8. Oна всегда старается придумать оправдание любым поступкам своего
Use the words in the brackets in the correct form.
1. Cheerful company (short) the journey.
2. It’s wrong to (general) from the few facts we have gathered so far.
3. Many believe that television (glory) violence.
4. Of the ten books I have read this summer, I would (class) at least half of them as complete rubbish.
5. Global warming will (worse) the climate in the future, resulting in food shortages.
6. The coach of the national team (apology) to his country for their poor performance in the World Cup.
7. The end (just) the means.
8. The deaf are finding that their hearing aids (слуховые аппараты) are (ample) more than just the voices of their friends.
9. She'd (flat) herself against the outside wall like someone in a spy movie.
10. We are pleased you finally (clear) your position on market economy.
8. Explain in English what is meant by the following:
to digitize to summarize to zombify to speechify
to ripen to glamorize to amplify to ladify
to systematize to hasten
9. Read the text. Make the literary translation of the text in writing
Poverty rate rises in America
Amid a still struggling economy, more people in America fell below the poverty line last year, according to new census data. The nation's poverty rate rose to 15.1% in 2010, its highest level since 1993. In 2009, 14.3% of people in America were living in poverty. The results are not surprising given the economy. You would expect with so many people unemployed, the poverty rate would go up. It's just another sign of what a difficult time this is for so many people.
About 46.2 million people are now considered in poverty, 2.6 million more than last year. The government defines the poverty line as income of $22,314 a year for a family of four and $11,139 for an individual. The Office of Management and Budget updates the poverty line each year to account for inflation.
For middle-class families, income fell in 2010. The median household income was $49,445, down slightly from $49,777 the year before. Median income has changed very little over the last 30 years. Adjusted for inflation, the middle-income family only earned 11% more in 2010 than they did in 1980, while the richest 5% in America saw their incomes surge 42%.
Amplifying that trend, the bottom 60% of households saw their income fall last year, while households making $100,000 or more enjoyed a rise in income.
The poverty rate for children under age 18 increased to 22% in 2010, meaning more than 1 in 5 children in America are living in poverty. Meanwhile, the poverty rate for adults ages 18 to 64 rose to 13.7%. For people 65 and older, the poverty rate was barely changed at 9%. Following the recession, fewer young adults are moving out of their parents' homes. Last year, 5.9 million young adults age 25 to 34 still lived with their folks, compared with 4.7 million before the recession.
By race, the poverty rate was lowest for non-Hispanic whites at 9.9%. Blacks had the highest rate at 27.4%, followed by people of Hispanic origin at 26.6%. Asians had a poverty rate of 12.1%. About 14% of men were below the poverty line, compared to 16.2% of women.
Families headed by a married couple had only a 6.2% poverty rate, whereas families with a single mother had a 31.6% rate, and families with a single father had a 15.8% rate.
For the fifth year in a row, Mississippi households were the poorest in the country, this time with a median income of $37,985. New Hampshire households had the highest median income, at $66,707. Among different regions of the country, the South had the highest poverty rate at 16.9%, while the Northeast had the lowest rate at 12.8%. The poverty rate was 13.9% in the Midwest and 15.3% in the West.
The income used to calculate poverty status includes earnings, workman's compensation, unemployment insurance, Social Security, veteran's payments, pensions, interest and dividends, and just about every other source of cash. It does not, however, include capital gains, so, theoretically, millionaires could qualify as poor if they lived solely by selling off investments.
The census report also contained data on health insurance, showing people lacking medical benefits climbed to 49.9 million last year, up from 49 million in 2009. Overall, about 16.3% of people in America were uninsured in 2010, statistically unchanged from 2009.
10. Give the Russian equivalents to the following topical words and phrases and add them to your vocabulary:
below the poverty line, census data, median household income, recession, people of Hispanic origin, poverty rate, unemployment, insurance, interest and dividends, struggling economy, to define, source of cash, capital gain.
11. Make up 10 questions to the text.
Before beginning Test 2, review the following material:
Negative questions (don`t you…? ….,do you?).
Reported Speech. Modal Verbs in Reported Speech.
The Particulars: decline, refuse and reject.
Phrasal verb “to keep” (to keep away (from) /to keep smb away (from), keep back, keep off, keep on doing smth., keep to smth, keep up with)
The definite article followed by of-phrase or which-phrase.
Choose the correct alternative.
1. The manager asked _________________________ a decision.
a) if I had made b) had I made c) if I made
2.. The doctor asked me ______________________ my head side to side for at least two weeks.
a) not to turn b) to not turn c) not turn
3. The Chairman said that he __________________ the issue at previous meetings.
a) raised b) was raising c) had raised
4. The manager said she _______________ provide the necessary information _____________.
a) could / next week b) will be able to / the next week c) would be able to / the following week.
5. I wondered where _______________ and how long ________________ there.
a) was I / had I been b) I was / I was c) I was / I had been
6. David asked ____________________ a second and ran to the phone.
a) them to wait b) that they wait c) them wait
7. After finishing her coffee, the student asked where _______________ pay.
a) she shall b) she should c) should she
8. I wondered what ______________________ him move from Bedfordshire.
a) had made b) did make c) made
9. Fred said he would / will join the Army next / the following year.
10. He told 0 / me he was / is leaving tomorrow / the next day.
11. My doctor recommended to take / taking vitamin E daily.
12. Martha wondered what was she / she was doing here / there.
13. The footballer said he had never / never faced any problems in the / a team or with the / 0 fans.
14. She asked where she shall / should send the / 0 money and he told / said her the Police Credit Union in 0 / the Canada.
15. My friend suggested to have / having a rest in a / the shabby-looking motel.
16. Miss Morrow enquired if it would / would it be appropriate to ask the / 0 visitors questions.
17. Jack said he slept / had slept restless / restlessly last / the previous night.
18. Carol wanted to know was there / if there was anyone / someone who could / can do some training.
19. The manager said I needn’t / didn’t have to make a decision now / at that time.
20. She asked how long he had / had he been married and what kind of work did he do / he did.
2. Choose the right word to make the sentence meaningful.
1. It is our _______________ interest to strengthen public institutions such as health care and education.
(joint / common)
2. As a married, 35-year-old father of two, Boris couldn't ________________ to give up his job and go to
school full time. (afford / allow)
3. At 8 pm, one hour after the storm started, hundreds of houses were ________________. (injured / damaged)
4. On the ________________ of it, the price seems quite reasonable, but we don’t have all the necessary
information. (face / surface)
5. The only way to win the war is to _________________ against the common enemy. (join / unite)
6. As a result of the earthquake more than 1,000 buildings __________________ damage, about half of
which totally collapsed. (suffered / caused)
7. Jack __________________ me 50 pounds and he’s been avoiding me for a week now. (owns / ows)
8. The Renault Formula One team have _____________________ punishment for their role in the sport's
latest spy scandal. (avoided / escaped)
9. Mike couldn’t ___________________ his children any time because he was always busy at work. (spend/ spare)
10. A recent experiment has shown that birds that live in a ___________ climate have bigger brains than
those that enjoy a mild climate. (harsh / heavy)
11. Can I use my EU ID to have a _________________ in Spain? (rest / holiday)
12. If your family has a ______________ room in the house, that’s a good place to have a library in. (free / spare)
13. The University of Texas at San Antonio spent more than $2 million last year on programs to
___________________ the gap between high school and college. (bridge / fill in)
14. A(n) _________________ error of students is the failure to organize their thoughts before writing an
essay. (ordinary / common)
15. Emergency services have ________________ no effort to help people whose homes were destroyed by the tornadoes. (saved / spared)
16. The __________________ British Prime Minister is disappointed with the progress in the Middle East. (current / now)
17. The idea that women have to ______________ a choice between a career and children is still present in many academic institutions. (make / do)
18. The White House spokesman ______________ to comment on the discussion between the White House and the Environmental Protection Agency. (rejected / refused)
3. Translate the following negative questions into English.
1. Разве вы неженаты?
2. Неужели ты еще не сделал уроки?
3. Ты завтра не пойдешь в школу, не правда ли?
4. Ты уже написал статью, так ведь?
5. Ты же навестил свою бабушку вчера?
4. Translate the following negative questions into Russian. Give short answers.
1. Wasn’t French the language of diplomacy?
2. I don’t suppose you’ve ever met the American President?
3. Isn’t the gap between the rich and the poor countries widening?
4. Class still matters in the UK, doesn’t it?
5. Isn’t it the duty of the rich to help the poor?
6. You didn’t have to stand up when the teacher entered the room, did you?
7. Haven’t you heard the news?
8. So, the government hasn’t managed to control inflation yet?
9. Don’t you think people will start to cut down on fast food soon?
10. I don’t suppose you can avoid traffic jams in the rush hour?
11. Shouldn’t you work harder at your English if you want better results?
12. Won’t state-owned hospitals in Russia become private one day?
Phrasal verb to KEEP .
Translate the sentences using the appropriate phrasal verb(to keep away (from) /to keep smb away (from), keep back, keep off, keep on doing smth., keep to smth, keep up with).
1. Он всегда придерживался правил в своей работе.
2. Фил был старше других туристов и с трудом поспевал за экскурсоводом и группой.
3. Не ходите по клумбам!
4. Не сдерживайте свои чувства; это (this) может привести к нервному срыву (nervous breakdown).
5. Сейчас многие университеты стараются идти в ногу со временем и уделяют большое
внимание научным исследованиям.
6. Если вы под Новый год окажетесь в Италии, не подходите близко к стенам домов.
В новогоднюю ночь итальянцы выбрасывают из окон старые вещи.
7. Я продолжил свой путь (т.е. идти), несмотря на плохую погоду.
8. Австралийские учёные советуют пользователям держаться подальше от лазерных
принтеров, так как они опасны для здоровья.
9. Первая задача истории — воздержаться от лжи, вторая — не утаивать правды.
10. У некоторых водопадов таблички предупреждали туристов не приближаться к краю.
11. Мы стараемся идти в ногу с мировой компьютерной индустрией.
12. Во время обсуждения высказывайте своё мнение, придерживайтесь темы и слушайте других участников.
5.Fill in the gaps with the appropriate verb (DECLINE, REFUSE, REJECT).
1. A house buyer can ____ a particular house if it is not spacious enough.
2. He ____ our invitation, sending his assistant instead.
3. Many philosophers of the Enlightenment (эпоха Просвещения) ____ religion.
4. I ____ to eat their food because those who had recently met them had been found dead.
5. If a customer wishes to ____ the offer, they will have the opportunity to do so at no cost.
6. Six hospitals in Jakarta ____ to give treatment to the children from poor families.
7. In the culture of Burundi, to ____ an offer of beer is considered an insult.
8. Kate ____ a sandwich but she smiled at Annabel.
9. The commission ____ our plan because it was too expensive.
10. The company ____ our request for information from the database.
11. She ____ the role because she wanted to be the star and did not want to accept a secondary
12. I politely ____ the opportunity to make any comments until I reviewed the files held in my office.
6. The Articles.
Choose the correct alternative in italics.
1. Montezuma was killed by / with a / the stone, probably thrown by one of his own followers.
2. The / 0 deaf people don't worry about missing the / a doorbell: flashing lights, rather than
chimes, alert them to the / 0 visitors.
3. The two men went to the / a house, got in through the / an unlocked window, and took a / the
television and a / the radio.
4. The / 0 information in this blog is meant for the / 0 general public to be better informed on how to conduct themselves properly while dining out.
5. Higher death rates from cardiovascular diseases have been reported among the / 0 nemployed people in several countries.
6. The police are appealing for 0 / the information from the / 0 public about an armed robbery at
a / the cinema in 0 / the northern Sydney last night.
7. She has been operated on and is now out of the / 0 danger.
8. The / a message was written in / with pencil in the / a hotel room in London.
9. The / a documentary was shown on the / 0 television on the / 0 Saturday night.
10. All the / 0 contracts for 0 / the snow removal will have been signed by December 25.
11. For 20 years, the organisation has been providing the / 0 services for the / 0 homeless
in Central Florida.
12. As a / the mother of a / the deaf child, Fiona needed to know that a / the person without 0 / a
hearing can lead a / 0 full, satisfying life.
13. Pescadero, California is a / the countryside of the / 0 ranches, of the / 0 pastures, and of the / 0 beautiful views of the ocean.
14. Johnson is also a / the very funny writer — and it is not the / a kind of humour where the / a
reader feels that s/he is being / is laughed at.
15. What on 0 / the Earth did he have in 0 / the mind?
7.Read the text. Make the literary translation of the text in writing
To start with nothing, to work hard, and then to make a fortune – this is the American dream. People in the U.S.A. want more than anything to be successful. And when they make their money, they like to show it off by driving expensive cars and buying beautiful furniture for their homes. One bad result of this is that some people never stop working. Some even hold two full-time jobs at the same time. This means that they have no time to enjoy themselves. The good result is the confidence that many Americans have in themselves. They feel that they can do anything, and get whatever they want if they try hard enough. It may take a lot of hard work to do well in America, but it certainly is exciting.
A young man with no money and very little education decides he must get to the top. He works all day, studies at night, and looks around for a chance to get rich. He discovers that all his friends like eating his mother’s home-made pizzas. He learns how to make them and starts selling them at school. Then he opens a pizza restaurant. It is a great success, so he opens another, and five years later he makes his first million dollars. He is the perfect example of the successful American businessman.
Stories like this are very popular in the U.S.A. Men who started out with nothing and built up huge fortunes are national heroes. Every schoolchild knows the names of Henry Ford, John D. Rockefeller, and Steven Jobs, who founded the Apple computer business. People like to believe that the chance to get wealthy or even rich is there for everyone, however poor, who is brave, smart, and hardworking enough to take it.
The American admiration for business success is as strong as ever. Americans work very hard. Most people have only a two- or three-week holiday a year, and work for at least forty hours a week. But the situation in American industry itself is changing. Old industries, like steel, textiles, and shoes, cannot keep their prices low enough. New industries, that use computer techniques, do not employ as many people as the old ones. As a result, people who worked in the factories twenty years ago are working in restaurants, offices or airlines today. On the other hand, those who manage to get adapted to the new technologies find their way in the new world of business.
When Aileen Stutfield got her first job at an engineering company in England, she was told, “You’ll never earn a proper salary because you are a woman.” Aileen had a good degree in physics, but she wasn’t surprised. It seemed normal in those days that good jobs in industry were closed for women. After several different jobs, she moved to an American firm called Texas Instruments. At that time, a lot of American companies were looking for clever young scientists from abroad. They could usually offer better working conditions and more money than the British or other European firms. The stream of brilliant scientists going to America became a flood, which was called “the brain drain.”
Aileen and her husband, who had a Ph.D. in biology, joined it. They moved to California, which was then becoming one of the most exciting areas for “hi-tech” industry in the U.S. Aileen started working at Apple Computer and traveled a lot all over the United States, to Ireland and Holland in Europe, and even to Japan and Australia. Now Mrs. Stutfield is a principal engineer at the factory in Elk Grove. She is in charge of five other engineers, and it is her job to look after and repair the test equipment that Apple uses to build their computers.
The key to Aileen’s success is that she never stopped learning. She finished another course of study, and got her Master of Business Administration degree. Now she is earning a very good salary, and she is still moving up in her career.
But when she is not working, she knows how to enjoy herself. In her free time, she sings in a choir that performs classical music. Her eyes light up when she talks about it. “Put me with ten or twenty other sopranos,” she laughs, “and I’ll have a lot of fun.”
8.Give English equivalents.
Быть успешным, петь в хоре, ключ к успеху, получить степень Магистра, продвигаться по карьерной лестнице, руководить группой инженеров, «утечка мозгов», более хорошие условия труда, восхищение, работать 40 часов в неделю, поддерживать цены на низком уровне, стать богатым, работа с полной занятостью.
9. Make up questions to each paragraph of the text.
10. Determine if the following statements are true (T) or false (F).
The American admiration for business success is as strong as ever
Aileen Stutfield got her first job at a trade company in England.
In America people who worked in the factories twenty years ago are working in restaurants, offices or airlines today
When the Americans make their money, they don`t like to show it off.
People like to believe that the chance to get wealthy or even rich is there for everyone.
People who work hard have plenty of time to enjoy themselves.