Контрольная работа № по дисциплине Вариант № Выполнил(а) студент(ка) группы эа



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Часть 3.

I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите следующие предложения на русский язык; определите форму и функцию инфинитива.

Образец:

1) To weld metals is possible by means of heat produced by a current. Сваривать металлы можно- посредством тепла, производимого током.



to weld-подлежащее

1) То smoke is bad for health.



  1. We can actually begin the experiment.

  2. He forgot to wind up the watch when he went to bed.

  3. То reach the lecture hall he had to walk almost half a mile.

  4. George was the first to recover.

6) The purpose of this catalist is to accelerate the process of chemical reaction.

7) I was too young to think of such things at the time.



  1. In the case of gas, the molecules are much too far from each other to repel

each other.

  1. He will be the last to leave.

  2. As least one radioactive isotope is known to exist for all known

elements.

II. Преобразуйте сложноподчиненные предложения в простые, употребив «объектный инфинитивный оборот» (the Objective Infinitive Construction).

Образец:

1) Scientists know that isotopes find wide application both in industry and agriculture.



Scientists know isotopes to find wide application both in industry and agriculture.

  1. We know that gravity pulls on every particle of a body.

  2. We know that electrons travel from the cathode to the anode.

  3. We know that a vector quantity is represented by means of a straight line.

  4. The scientists expect that this effect will be relatively small.

  5. The surgeon pronounced that the wound was a slight one.

  6. We expect that he will do it in time.

  7. I hate when you talk in this way.

  8. The scientist expected that his assistant will obtain some new data.

  9. Experiments proved that heat and other forms of energy are mutually

convertible.

  1. He expects that I shall answer by return.

III. Преобразуйте следующие сложноподчиненные предложения, употребив «субъектный инфинитивный оборот» (the Subjective Infinitive Construction).

Образец:

  1. It is said that they were in London last month. They are said to have

been in London last month.

  1. It is said that he works in the field of nuclear physics.

  2. It is known that coal is rather abrasive.


  3. It is said that the capitalist system is based upon the principles of

competition.

  1. We supposed that the man was the broker of the company.

  2. It is known that he is a great book-lover.

  3. It was reported that many buildings had been damaged by the fire.

  4. It seems that this film is very popular with children.

  5. It is said that the expedition has reached Murmansk.

  6. It is known that Mendeleev was the greatest scientist of his time.

  7. It is known that he is reading for his exams.

IV. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Participle I и Participle II.

Образец:

  1. The theatre built in the last century needed reconstruction.

Театр, построенный в прошлом веке, нуждался в реконструкции.

  1. A person brining good news is always welcome.

  2. Books read in childhood seem like old friends.

  3. While skating yesterday he fell and hurt himself.

  4. She showed the travellers the room reserved for them.

  5. The leaves lying on the ground reminded us of autumn.

  6. We visited one of the largest plants producing cars in our country.

  7. А broken plate lay on the floor.

  8. He sat on the sofa dreaming of the future.

  9. Standing on the bank of the river, he watched the dockers at work.

  10. Knowing the English language well, he was able to translate news-

paper articles without a dictionary.

V. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий.

Образец:

  1. He was given an award for saving the life of his comrade.

Он был награжден за спасение жизни своего товарища.

  1. I thanked him for helping us.

  2. I have no intention of going to the south this summer.

  3. There is no chance of getting a theatre ticket today.

  4. The doctor insisted on my staying at home.

  5. The buyers examined the goods carefully before concluding the contract.

  6. After sleeping for about an hour, he was awakened by a loud noise in the

street.

  1. She reproached herself for having said it.

  2. We insisted on the contract being signed immediately.

  3. I am obliged to you for helping me.

  4. Is there any possibility of their finding a suitable material so soon?

VI. Переделайте следующие предложения из прямой речи в косвенную.

Образец:

  1. He said, “I have been waiting for you since five o’clock.”

He said that he had been waiting for me since five o’clock.

  1. He said, “I go to the park every day.”

  2. Jane says: "We'll have take a taxi".

  3. The people asked:"Why is he so happy?"

  4. He says to me, “I live here”.

  5. The girl said, “ I like ice cream”.

  6. Jack said “I haven’t seen Julie”.

  7. She said to me, "I might be late".

  8. He said, "I must study at the weekend"

  9. She asked, “Where is the Post Office, please?”

  10. She asked me, “Could you bring my book tonight?”

Variant 4.



    1. Прочитайте текст. Письменно переведите 4 и 5 абзацы:


Continued Volatility

When stock markets in the United States, Europe and Asia continued to plunge, the world’s leading central banks on Oct. 8 took the drastic step of a coordinated cut in interest rates, with the Federal Reserve cutting its two main rates by half a point.

And after a week in which stocks declined almost 20 percent on Wall Street, European and American officials announced coordinated actions that included taking equity stakes in major banks, including $250 billion in investments in the United States. The action prompted a worldwide stock rally, with the Dow rising 936 points, or 11 percent, on Oct. 13.

But as the prospect of a severe global recession became more evident, such gains were impossible to sustain. Just two days later, after Ben S. Bernanke, the Federal Reserve chairman, said there would be no quick economic turnaround even with the government’s intervention, the Dow plunged 733 points.

The credit markets, meanwhile, were slow to ease up, as banks used the injection of government funds to strengthen their balance sheets rather than lend. By late October, the Treasury had decided to use its $250 billion investment plan not only to increase banks’ capitalization but also to steer funds to stronger banks to purchase weaker ones, as in the acquisition of National City, a troubled Ohio-based bank, by PNC Financial of Pittsburgh.

The volatility in the stock markets was matched by upheaval in currency trading as investors sought shelter in the yen and the dollar, driving down the currencies of developing countries and even the euro and the British pound. The unwinding of the so-called yen-carry trade, in which investors borrowed money cheaply in Japan and invested it overseas, made Japanese goods more expensive on world markets and precipitated a steep plunge in Tokyo stock trading.

Oil-producing countries were hit by a sudden reversal of fortune, as the record oil prices reached over the summer were cut in half by October because of the world economic outlook. Even an agreement on a production cut by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries on Oct. 24 failed to stem the price decline.

Stock markets remained in upheaval, with the general downward trend punctuated by events like an 11-percent gain in the Dow on Oct. 28. A day later, the Fed cut its key lending rate again, to a mere 1 percent. In early November, the European Central Bank and the Bank of England followed with sharp reductions of their own.

Federal officials also moved to put together a plan to aid homeowners at risk of foreclosure by shouldering some losses for banks that agree to lower monthly payments. Detroit’s automakers, meanwhile, hard hit by the credit crisis, the growing economic slump and their belated transition away from big vehicles, turned to the government for aid of their own, possibly including help in engineering a merger of General Motors and Chrysler.
II. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы:


  1. What did the world’s leading central banks do on Oct. 8?

  2. What did banks use to strengthen their balance?

  3. Why had the Treasury decided to use its $250 billion investment plan?

  4. What was the volatility in the stock markets matched?

  5. What made Japanese goods more expensive?

Часть 2.

Текст для чтения 2: Mound Barrier as a Specific feature of M-way in Northern Ireland.

The mound barrier is trapezoidal shaped 2 ft 6 in. high and tapering from 3 ft wide at the base to 1 ft at the top. The barrier is constructed from turf sods laid upside down like bricks forming the sides with a clay core.

There have been a number of occasions when the barrier has been struck by vehicles and it has undoubtedly prevented a number of vehicles from crossing over on to the opposite carriageway. Usually a vehicle while coming to rest demolishes a length of barrier which of course is very easily and cheaply repaired. On several occasions vehicles have been overturned by the barrier often without causing serious injury to the occupants. The barrier has been found to have certain advantages for night driving; while it has not high enough to be a full anti-dazzle barrier it gives a driver extra confidence in meeting opposing traffic in that he knows that there is something solid between him and the opposing traffic and he unconsciously does not allow his eyes to be focused on the opposing headlamps. The barrier reduces the spray between carriageways. A similar barrier is provided on the outside of the grass verge where the road is on a high embankment; to give greater stability this barrier has a stone face on the field side.

Задания к тексту для чтения 2.

I. Переведите выделенные слова на русский язык. Переведите следующие слова на английский язык. Выпишите из текста по одному предложению, в котором употреблено данное слово. Переведите предложения на русский язык.


  1. трапециевидный –

  2. глиняное ядро –

  3. транспортное средство –

  4. разрушать –

  5. опрокидывать –

  6. препятствующий ослеплению –

  7. бессознательно –

  8. уменьшать –

  9. обочина –

  10. каменный –

II. Напишите рядом с каждым утверждением является ли оно правдой (true-T) или нет (false-F). Если утверждение неверно, напишите верный ответ.

1) The mound barrier is four-square shaped 2 ft 6 in. high and tapering from 3 ft wide at the base to 1 ft at the top.

2) When the barrier has been struck by vehicles and it has undoubtedly prevented a number of vehicles from crossing over.

3) The barrier is very difficult and cheaply repaired.

4) The barrier has several advantages for night driving.

5) The barrier increases the spray between carriageways.

6) To give more stability the barrier has a stone face on the field side.

III. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту.


  1. What shape does the mound barrier have?

  2. What material is used for its construction?

  3. Is it easy to repair the barrier?

  4. What for are the barriers constructed?

  5. What are the advantages of such barriers?

  6. Why do the barriers give extra confidence to the drivers?

  7. What are the functions of the mound barriers?

Часть 3.


I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите следующие предложения на русский язык; определите форму и функцию инфинитива.

Образец:

1) The purpose of this catalist is to accelerate the process of chemical reaction. Назначение этого катализатора заключается в том чтобы ускорить процесс химической реакции.



to accelerate – часть составного именного сказуемого:

  1. It was necessary to do something.

  2. You are to live here for the next six months.

  3. We know the atomic weight of a hydrogen atom to be 1.008.

  4. Energy is defined as the ability to do work.

  5. We intended to camp in one of the inlets to be found round that tiny shore.

  6. We have come to the station to see them off.

  7. Everyone watched him walk across the garden.

  8. The type of the manometer depends on the magnitude of pressure to be

measured.

  1. My watch began to gain, it gained faster and faster day by day.

  2. We hoped to obtain good results.

II. Преобразуйте сложноподчиненные предложения в простые, употребив «объектный инфинитивный оборот» (the Objective Infinitive Construction).

Образец:

1) We know that the current flows through a conductor easily.



We know the current to flow through a conductor easily.

  1. I expect that she will come tomorrow.

  2. We consider that electrons travel from the cathods to the the anode.

  3. I know that he is a very experienced engineer.

  4. Scientists found that bodies are lighter in water than in air.

  5. I consider that he is right.

  6. Nobody noticed that she left the room.

  7. I believe that she has been sent to St.Perersburg.

  8. We assume that our team will take part in this competition.

  9. I felt that somebody touched my arm.

  10. Scientists know that isotopes find wide application both in industry and agriculture.

Scientists know isotopes to find wide application both in industry and agriculture.

III. Преобразуйте следующие сложноподчиненные предложения, употребив «субъектный инфинитивный оборот» (the Subjective Infinitive Construction).

Образец:

  1. It is known that coal is rather abrasive. Coal is known to be rather

abrasive.

  1. It is said that she knows several foreign languages.

  2. It is known that he has a large collection of pictures.

  3. It was reported that they have arrived in Moscow.

  4. It is said that they live in Great Britain.

  5. It is said that this device provides high power torque.

  6. It is said that Johnson works hard at his English.

  7. It seems that the car moves to the right.

  8. It appears that this young lecturer knows her subject well.

  9. It is expected that they will take part in this research work.

  10. It was known from the ancient times that water is denser than air.

IV. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Participle I и Participle II.

Образец:

  1. The theatre built in the last century needed reconstruction.

Театр, построенный в прошлом веке, нуждался в реконструкции.

  1. While crossing the bridge, we saw Charles talking with an old man.

  2. Being very tired, we refused to go for a walk.

  3. The secretary sent off the letters signed by the director.

  4. At a conference of the Academy of Sciences being held in St.Petersburg, a

number of important scientific problems are being discussed.

  1. I’ll show you the article written by my wife.

  2. At the present time we have a very limited number of these details in the

Warehouse.

  1. Having been taught Spanish by a good teacher, he knew the Spanish

Language very well.

  1. We sent the catalogues to the address indicated.

  2. Being hidden by a cloud, the moon was invisible.

  3. Having climbed the mountains the summer before the boys

V. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий.

Образец:

  1. He was given an award for saving the life of his comrade.

Он был награжден за спасение жизни своего товарища.

  1. Reading much means learning much.

  2. It is necessary to know grammar rules and a considerable number of

words for reading technical books.

  1. I have no hope of seeing him soon.

  2. I shall write down your telephone number as I am afraid of forgetting it.

  3. In planning your work for next month you should take this into

consideration.

  1. Did you succeed in finding her address?

  2. I am thankful to you for answering my letter so quickly.

  3. My son likes very much being told about sea voyages.

  4. I know of his having been appointed to a new job.

  5. There are different ways of obtaining this substance.

VI. Переделайте следующие предложения из прямой речи в косвенную.

Образец:

  1. He said, “I have been waiting for you since five o’clock.”

He said that he had been waiting for me since five o’clock.

  1. Mary says, “Peter has taken my dictionary”.

  2. The manager has said, “I shall come at five o’clock”.

  3. The captain said, “The steamer loaded 5000 tons of barley in Tuapse.

  4. She said, “I have been waiting for you since eleven o’clock!”

  5. He says, “I sent them the catalogue on Monday.”

  6. She said, “I met him when I was crossing the road”.

  7. He said to her, “You must consult a doctor.”

  8. He asked me, “Where do you live?”

  9. The teacher asked me, “Why have you come so late?”

  10. He asked me, “For what reason did the buyers refuse to accept the

Cargo?”

Variant 5.



    1. Прочитайте текст. Письменно переведите 1 и 4 абзацы:


The Crisis and the Campaign

The credit crisis emerged as the dominant issue of the presidential campaign in the last two months before the election. On Sept. 24, as polls showed Senator John McCain’s support dropping, he announced that he would suspend his campaign to try to help forge a deal on the bailout plan. The next day, both he and Senator Barack Obama met with Congressional leaders and President Bush at the White House, but their efforts failed to assure passage of the legislation, which went down to defeat in an initial vote on Sept. 29, a week before it ultimately passed.

The weakening stock market and growing credit crisis appeared to benefit Mr. Obama, who tied Mr. McCain to what he called the failed economic policies of President Bush and a Republican culture of deregulation of the financial markets. Polls showed that Mr. Obama’s election on Nov. 4 was partly the fruit of the economic crisis and the belief among many voters that he was more capable of handling the economy than Mr. McCain.

As president-elect, Mr. Obama made confronting the economic crisis the top priority of his transition. Just three days after his election, he convened a meeting of his top economic advisers, including the billionaire investor Warren Buffett; two former Treasury secretaries, Lawrence H. Summers and Robert E. Rubin; Paul A. Volcker, a former Federal Reserve chairman; and Eric E. Schmidt, the chief executive of Google. After their Nov. 7 meeting, he called quick passage of an economic stimulus package, saying it should be taken up by the lame-duck Congressional session, and that if lawmakers failed to act, it would be his main economic goal after assuming office Jan. 20.

Mr. Obama also faced a host of other demands as president-elect, including calls to bail out the auto industry, particularly General Motors, which warned that it would run out of cash by mid-2009. And some economists and conservatives questioned whether, given the economic crisis, he could still meet some of his pledges from the campaign, like rapidly rolling back the Bush tax cuts, which some felt would hurt demand, and pushing ahead with his planned expansion of health care coverage, which could greatly increase a soaring deficit.
II. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы:


  1. Why did the weakening stock market and growing credit crisis appear to benefit Mr. Obama?

  2. What was the top priority of Mr. Obama’s transition?

  3. What did Mr. Obama do after Nov. 7 meeting?

  4. Why did Mr. Obama call to bail the auto industry, particularly General Motors?

  5. What can greatly increase a soaring deficit?

Часть 2.


Текст для чтения 2: Carburetor or the Ford Engine.

The carburetor has been defined as a device that vaporizes fuel and supples the cylinders with the required amounts of vaporized fuel as needed.

Carburetors, along with other engine components, have been modified and refined to provide greater engine efficiency. Ford utilizes the downdraft carburetor in which the air enters the top of the carburetor and travels downward through the barrel into the engine.

Ford engines are equipped with single, dual, or four-barrel carburetors. The type of carburetor used is determined by the design of the engine, and conditions under which it will operate. The carburetor must be able to deliver to the engine exactly the right fuel-air mixture for various operating needs. Normal crusing speeds require an economical mixture; high power output and acceleration demand a richer mixture; and idling and low speeds call for still another fuel-air mixture.

All carburetors installed on Ford engines have one set, or more, of four fuel-mixing systems: IDLE SYSTEM, MAIN SYSTEM, POWER SYSTEM, and ACCELERATING SYSTEM.

In addition to these four basic systems, a fuel inlet system regulates the fuel supply from the pump, and a choke system provides an enriched mixture to aid in starting and operating a cold engine.

The ford Dual Carburetor, standard equipment on the 1960 v-8 292 cubic inch passenger car engine, is a downdraft, single stage carburetor. A single stage carburetor contains one set of fuel-air mixing systems. The carburetor has two main assemblies, the air horn, and the main body.

The air horn assembly serves as the main body cover and contains the choke plate assembly and fuel bowl vent. The main body contains the throttle plates, the accelerating pump assembly, the power valve assembly, and the fuel bowl.


Задания к тексту для чтения 2.

I. Переведите выделенные слова на русский язык. Переведите следующие слова на английский язык. Выпишите из текста по одному предложению, в котором употреблено данное слово. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. топливо –

  2. совершенствовать –

  3. четырёхкамерный –

  4. смесь бензина и воздуха –

  5. ускорение

  6. автоматическая система–

  7. топливоснабжение –

  8. одноступенчатый карбюратор –

  9. воздушная горловина –

  10. клапан экономайзера –

II. Напишите рядом с каждым утверждением является ли оно правдой (true-T) или нет (false-F). Если утверждение неверно, напишите верный ответ.

  1. Carburetor a device that blends air and fuel for an internal combustion

engine.

  1. Carburetor have been modified and refined to provide greater

engine efficiency.

  1. Ford engines are equipped with three-barrel carburetors.

  2. Normal crusing speeds require an economical mixture.

  3. There five basic systems.

  4. The carburetor has two main assemblies.

III. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту.

1) What is a carburetor?

2) What does a carburetor consist of?

3) What type of a carburetor is called a downdraft one?

4) What systems do most carburetors have?

5) What are the aims of a fuel inlet system and a choke system?

6) What type of a carburetor is used on Ford cars?

7) What system does regulate the fuel supply?


1   2   3   4   5

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