Вариант VII I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
The militia officers took active measures to detect the offender who had committed the crime.
When she came home, her brother was reading the book which she had bought him two days ago.
Those problems were being discussed at the seminar.
By the end of next week the students will have passed all the entrance examinations.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните ParticipleI и ParticipleII и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли причастие определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
About one third of all convicted juveniles are sentenced to measures of punishment not including deprivation of freedom.
When asked about the investigation of the crime, he told us many interesting facts.
III.Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите и подчеркните в них Gerund. Предложения переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на функции герундия.
The preliminary investigation is aimed at detecting crimes, at disclosing and exposing persons guilty of them, at investigating all the circumstances of cases and at taking crime prevention measures.
After passing a sentence the judge closed the trial.
IV. Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите в них и подчеркните инфинитив. Переведитепредложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива.
To detect a crime means to expose all its attending features and identify the criminal.
The problems to be solved at the next session of the UN General Assembly are of great international importance.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите в них придаточные предложения условия и подчеркните их. Переведите предложения, учитывая особенности перевода условных предложений на русский язык.
If we had no civil law, corporeal relations would be regulated in some other way.
If this man had not violated the law, he would not have been imprisoned.
VI. Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите в них независимый (самостоятельный) причастный оборот и подчеркните его. Переведите предложения, учитывая особенности перевода независимого причастного оборота на русский язык.
Big monopolies having real power in the USA, the rulers take all measures against any representative of the people finding his way into Congress.
The first police agencies in the USA consisted of night watchmen, each of them being approved by citizens.
VII. Перепишите следующие предложения со сложным подлежащим и переведите их на русский язык, учитывая при этом особенности перевода.
1. On the day this robbery is supposed to have been committed he swears he was working in the library all day.
2. These facts are expected to help identify the offender.
VIII. Перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в каждом из них сложное дополнение. Переведитепредложениянарусскийязык.
1. They believe punishment to be the obvious and natural reaction of the community against its members who contravene the recognized norms.
2. They all know him to be a highly qualified lawyer with great practical experience.
The investigator expected him to give all the information about that fact.
IX. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык. Обратите внимание на особенности перевода форм сослагательного наклонения.
1. It is required that the arrested persons should be isolated from each other.
2. The investigating officer demanded that the expert should cast the imprints of the shoes left on the ground.
X. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста.
ENFORCING THE LAW
The state has many ways of making sure that citizens obey the law. It makes the public aware of what the law is and tries to encourage social support for law and order. It uses militia to investigate crimes and catch criminals. It authorizes courts to complete the investigation of criminal and civil offences and to pass sentences to punish the guilty and deter others. And it makes efforts to re-educate and reform people who have broken the law.
The state combats crime through the courts, the Prosecutor’s Office, investigating authorities, state security bodies, militia and other law-enforcement agencies. They have to perform a series of acts to establish the fact of the crime, discover the offender and determine the penalty to be imposed in vertue of law1.
After receiving information that a crime has been committed, the investigator, for instance, commences the preliminary investigation: he inspects the scene of the crime, summons and questions witnesses, detains suspects, etc. During the investigation of a criminal case, he has the right to demand that citizens should take part in examinations and searches, and testify on the facts known to them; and that persons in office make available certificates, documents etc. The militia, the investigator, the prosecutor and the court may make such demands only within the power vested in them by law.
The main objectives of the militia have always been to protect state and personal property, to maintain public law and order, to safeguard the rights and interests of citizens. To fulfil these functions properly the Internal Affairs bodies compose several departments. The Criminal Detection Department is to detect the criminal, that is to locate and arrest him (her). The Criminal Investigation Department collects evidence to prove the guilt or innocence of a suspect. The Economic Crimes Department reveals the economic offences. The mission of the State Inspection of Road Traffic Security is to regulate safety in the roads. The Juvenile Inspection is responsible for prevention of juvenile delinquency.
1 in vertue of law - в силу закона
XI. Прочитайте 4-й абзац текста и ответьте письменно на следующий вопрос:
What departments do the Internal Affairs bodies compose?