Урока «Space Exploration»



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УРОК АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

УМК М.З. Биболетовой ENJOY ENGLISH

10 КЛАСС

Unit 3. Civilization and Progress

Section 3. Progress and Development

ТЕМА УРОКА «Space Exploration»

two_on_verge_of_to_universe

Учитель: Ю.В.Шеларь, учитель высшей категории

МБОУ Урожайненская СОШ Советского района Алтайского края

2012




Ход урока (40 минут)

Этапы урока

Деятельность учителя

Деятельность учащихся

  1. Организационный момент

Приветствие и установление контакта с учащимися.
(2 минуты)

  • Hello, boys and girls! I am glad to see you again. How are you today?



  • I’m glad to hear it.




Cl : Good morning! We are glad to see you too.

P1, P2, P3 …



  • I’m fine, thanks.

  • I’m all right.

  • I’m OK as usual!



  1. Целеполагание. Введение в тему урока. Настрой учащихся.

  1. минуты)

(фронтальная работа)


I want you to listen to this piece of music. What does it make you think of?

Звучит композиция из альбома «Oxygene» Жана-Мишеля Жарра, которая заставляет думать о бесконечности пространства и космосе.

(используйте запись в МР3 из папки)

Jean-Michael Jarre composed this wonderful electronic music and presented outdoor spectacles with lights, laser displays, and fireworks against the background of the sky. Don’t you think that it’s unusual, strange and magnificent?

It creates the feeling of something strange, unknown but alluring.

(Слайды презентации 1-2)

For me it’s SPACE. For many, many years the humanity has been trying to find out about the outer world.

Our inquisitive mind has been exploring the space. The scientists investigate, make surveys about the universe.

Is space exploration important for the humanity? Why?

Am I right saying that Russia (the former Soviet Union) played a great role in space research?

Let’s consider the most important stages of space exploration at the today’s lesson.

P1, P2, P3 …

  • I think of loneliness.

  • I feel strange.

  • As for me, I imagine space.


Принятие и осознание цели урока


Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы.




  1. Основная часть.

(30 мин).

1) Разминка Warm-up.


- Think of the names of people connected with SPACE.


Ученики по цепочке называют фамилии известных космонавтов и учёных.


2) Работа с лексикой по теме «Космос» (Brainstorm)

(Работа в парах)




  1. - I’ve prepared for you a list of words. Look at it. Which of them can we use at the today’s lesson when speaking about the exploration of space? Please, discuss in pairs.

(spaceship, dog, cat, UFO, astronaut, sputnik, shuttle, satellite, human, woman, vessel, walk, spacesuit, crew, oxygen, wolves)

(Слайд 3)

Write them down in your vocabularies.


  1. - Now, please match these words with their Russian equivalents. Work in pairs.

(artificial, survival, to launch, landing, the Soviet Union, scientists, to transmit, oxygen depletion, outer space, spacecraft, to orbit the Earth, cockpit ,malfunction, manual control, to seal, airlock

Запустить, нехватка кислорода, кабина, искусственный, открытый космос, СССР, выживание, выйти на орбиту Земли, учёные, шлюз, посадка, ручное управление, герметизировать (запечатывать), передавать (транслировать), космический корабль, неисправность.

(Слайд 4)

Write them down in your vocabularies.


Учащиеся в парах обсуждают данные слова, высказывают мнение своей пары и после коллективного согласования записывают в словари. Проблему могут вызвать слова dog, cat, woman, vessel, walk, wolves к которым планируется вернуться в конце урока.

Учащиеся в парах соотносят английские слова с переводами, высказывают мнение своей пары и после коллективного согласования записывают в словари.





3) Чтение 5 тематических текстов с пониманием общей информации.

(работа в группах)


(см. Приложение)


Please, look at this dates. What historical events happened?

October 4th, 1957

November 3rd, 1957

April 12th, 1961

June 16th, 1963

March 18th 1965

(Слайд 5)

Divide into groups of 3-4 students. Read these texts about the history of space exploration and put them in chronological order. Match them to the dates.
Don’t forget to use words and phrases for the discussion. (Учитель предоставляет группам раздаточные материалы с разговорными формулами Group discussion).
Check your answers. (Учитель демонстрирует слайды с изображениями этих событий в хронологическом порядке).

(Слайды 6-10)




Учащиеся высказывают свои предположения в простых предложениях.

P1, P2, P3 …

Ученики делятся на группы, изучают тексты, обсуждают полученную информацию.

Выбирают спикера, который представляет версию группы.



4) Просмотр видеофильма о современных космических исследованиях с целью выделения нужной информации.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZk7b4cd4jk

Nowadays the problem of our place in space is still being vividly investigated in the world. One of such places is the Keck Observatory in Hawaii, where scientists are engaged in one of the most important quests of modern astronomy.

Watch the first part of the BBC film “Space Exploration” and answer the following questions:

  1. The scientists are doing more than looking. What are they scanning?

  2. Did they succeed at discovering new planets?

  3. What kind of planet are they searching? Why do they do it?

  4. What methods do they use?

(Слайд 11)


Учащиеся просматривают и прослушивают видеоролик и отвечают на поставленные вопросы.



3. Подведение итогов урока.
Заключительное слово учителя.
Рефлексия.

Объяснение домашнего задания.

(5 минут)


So, space exploration is the human endeavor to explore outer space beyond the Earth using space technology and astronomy.

Let’s return to the task about choosing words to the “space” topic. What words would you add now and why? Give your own words.

(Слайд 3)
Why do people explore space? What important facts from the history of space exploration did you learn?

Was the lesson useful and interesting for you? Were you always active?


Did we mention all the main events? Of course not. Please continue this work at home and make a presentation (10 slides) to add more facts about space exploration.

Thank you for your good and active work today. I wish you all the best! Good-bye.





Ученики анализируют свою деятельность на уроке, отвечают на заданные вопросы.

P1, P2, P3 …


Ученики осознают и принимают предложенное задание и прощаются с учителем.

Good-bye!




Список использованных сайтов:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sputnik_1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laika

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%B2_%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%B5

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/sts1/gagarin_anniversary.html

http://www.astronautcentral.com/LEONOV/AlexeiLeonov.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentina_Tereshkova

http://www.google.ru/search?q=%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%BE%D1%81+%D1%84%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B8%D0%B8&hl=ru&newwindow=1&prmd=imvns&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=DIF9T-uNHYKXOvaDvbsM&ved=0CC4QsAQ&biw=1366&bih=667

http://www.neok12.com/Space-Exploration.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_exploration

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZk7b4cd4jk



Приложение.

Read the texts about the history of space exploration and put them in chronological order.

  • Laika was a Soviet space dog that became the first animal to orbit the Earth – as well as the first animal to die in orbit. The experiment aimed to prove that a living passenger could survive being launched into orbit and endure weightlessness, paving the way for human spaceflight and providing scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments. Some scientists believed humans would be unable to survive the launch or the conditions of outer space, so engineers viewed flights by non-human animals as a necessary precursor to human missions. Laika, a stray dog, originally named Kudryavka, underwent training with two other dogs, and was eventually chosen as the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space. Laika likely died within hours after launch from overheating or oxygen depletion.



  • The Soviet Union launched the first artificial earth satellite.  It marked the start of the Space Age. Sputnik 1 was launched into an elliptical low Earth orbit The satellite travelled at 29,000 kilometers per hour, taking 96.2 minutes to complete an orbit, and emitted radio signals at 20.005 and 40.002 MHz which were monitored by amateur radio operators throughout the world.  The signals continued for 22 days until the transmitter batteries ran out. The chief constructor of Sputnik 1 at OKB-1 was M.S.Khomyakov. The satellite was a 585 mm diameter sphere, assembled from two hemispheres which were hermetically sealed using o-rings and connected using 36 bolts, and had a mass of 83.6 kilograms.



  • Leonov was the first man to walk in space. The historic event happened on the Voskhod 2 flight. He was outside the spacecraft for 12 minutes and nine seconds, connected to the craft by a 5.35 meter tether. Leonov’s Voskhod capsule carried two men, like Gemini, but the Soviets constructed an inflatable airlock for Leonov’s spacewalk. There were tense moments when Leonov found his spacesuit too rigid to reenter the airlock. Leonov bled air out of his suit, but barely was able to return. Later, a rocket malfunction forced Leonov and his crewmate to land in mountains and deep snow, with wolves growling and scratching at Voskhod’s partly open hatch. Leonov has always indulged in his love of art, painting everything from stoic Russian churches, Siberian snow scenes and of course, space art. As the first artist in space, Leonov often paints from actual color sketches done in space aboard his two flights.



  • Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman in space. She was selected out of more than four hundred applicants, and then out of five finalists, to pilot Vostok 6. During her three-day mission, she performed various tests on herself to collect data on the female body's reaction to spaceflight. She was 26 at the time. After completing her communication and life support checks, she was sealed inside the Vostok. After a flawless two-hour countdown, Vostok 6 launched faultlessly, and Tereshkova became the first woman to fly into space. Her call sign in this flight was Chaika.  Although Tereshkova experienced physical discomfort for much of the flight, she orbited the earth 48 times and spent almost three days in space. With a single flight, she logged more flight time than the combined times of all American astronauts who had flown before that date. Tereshkova also maintained a flight log and took photographs of the horizon, which were later used to identify aerosol layers within the atmosphere.



  • Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth. After the search and selection process Gagarin was chosen out of 20 possible candidates. He was modest, intellectually and physically developed, having fantastic memory and a well-developed imagination; did not feel constrained when he had to defend his point of view. Gagarin was 1.57 metres tall, which was an advantage in the small Vostok cockpit. Nobody knew what awaited a human being thrust outside Earth’s atmosphere. Amongst the other props and devices, Gagarin’s spaceship contained a sealed envelope with the number 25 written on a single white sheet. This was the code to activate the manual control of the vessel. The spaceship was completely automated. However, in case the systems failed, there was the option of manual steering and landing. As Gagarin reported later, only the rocket’s facing catching fire made him remember his young wife and two daughters he had left behind. Yet, this was part of the plan. Vostok1 was covered in a special substance which aided its exit from the Earth’s atmosphere. The flight lasted 108 minutes. Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and honours, including Hero of the Soviet Union.

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