I. Выпишите из текста «At the office» слова с окончанием –s и определите, какой частью речи они являются и какую функцию выполняет это окончание, то есть служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite:
finishes, comes, meets, receives, discuss, sends
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного:
countries, desks, faxes, letters, engineers, economists, directors, hours, answers, telephones, prices, terms, languages, firms, goods, cables.
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного:
II. Выпишите из текста и переведите по одному предложению, сказуемые которых выражены в Present Indefinite, Future Indefinite, Present Continuous.
Present Indefinite - Maсhinoexport does business with different countries of the world. Машинный экспорт ведет дела с различными странами мира.
Future Indefinite - He will come home very late. Он придет домой поздно.
Present Continuous - He is sitting at the desk and speaking on the phone. Он сидит за столом и разговаривает по телефону.
III. Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу местоимениями:
Dedov is a student. I know his very well. I see his at the lessons. Your English is good and you speak only English to me . Dedov has a lot of books. gives them me to read.
My elder sister has a new flat. Her flat is very nice. She likes its very much.
Му name is Svetlana. I am a manager. My job is interesting and well-paid. I like her very much. I found this job mine .
IV. Определите видовременные формы глаголов в следующих предложениях. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык.
Does your friend live in Minsk? –Твой друг живет в Минске? - Present Simple
If you prepare the report in time, you will take part in the conference.
Если вы приготовите отчет вовремя, вы будете принимать участие в конференции. – Future Simple
We discussed the plan for the second term at the meeting.
Мы обсудили план на второй срок на собрании. - Past Simple
What journal were you reading when I came to the library? Какой журнал вы читали, когда я приехал в библиотеку. - Past Continuous.
He is taking a bath now. Он принимает ванну сейчас. - Present Continuous.
V. Заполните пропуски соответствующей формой глаголов to be или to have. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Were they in Paris last year?
We have a new flat. It is very large and light.
I had six lessons yesterday. I was very tired.
How old are you? – I am seventeen.
My hobby is drawing, and what I you fond of?
VI. Прочитайте текст, устно переведите его на русский язык и поставьте к нему письменно 10 вопросов.
At the Office
Mr. Bunin is an engineer at Machinoexport. Maсhinoexport does business with different countries of the world. They sell mining equipment, power equipment and other goods.
Mr. Bunin’s office is on the second floor. There are six desks in it. You see a lot of faxes, letters and cables on them. There is a computer and a telephone on every desk.
All the engineers and economists at his office speak one or two foreign languages. The engineers of the Ministry know foreign languages to do business with foreign firms.
Mr. Bunin’s working hours begin at 9 o’clock, but he usually comes to the office at a quarter to nine to get ready for work. At 9 o’clock the secretary brings him the mail. He goes through the letters, cables and faxes and sends answers to foreign firms or telephones them. He sometimes receives foreign businessmen from Great Britain, France, Germany and other countries. They usually discuss prices, terms of payment and delivery.
At half past one Mr. Bunin has lunch. After lunch he sometimes meets directors or engineers of our factories. He finishes his work at 5 o’clock in the afternoon.
Mr. Bunin is in his office now. He is sitting at the desk and speaking on the phone. The company manager of Bell and Co is phoning him. They are making an appointment for tomorrow.
Mr. Bunin is very busy today. He has got much work to do. He will stay in his office till 8 o’clock in the evening. He will come home very late.
Do Mr. Bunin engineer at Machinoexport?
Where Mr. Bunin’s office?
How much of languages know engineers and economists?
When begins Mr. Bunin working day?
Secretary brings him the mail at 9 o’clock or 10 o’clock ?
At half past one Mr. Bunin has lunch, isn’t he?
When ends working day Mr. Bunin?
Why the company manager is phoning Mr. Bunin?
How much work to do Mr. Bunin?
When Mr. Bunin come home?
VII. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите его на русский язык.
Communication involves people. And it is an obvious fact. The fact that people are dynamic and unique is what makes the world interesting, but communication difficult.
Because all are unique, all view the world differently. Because each individual’s life experiences differ, messages go through mental “filters”. Filters consist of all the things that exist in the mind that will influence the interpretation of symbols. Clearly, each filter is unique because no two people have identical experiences.
The communication process, then, depends on the personalities of those involved (тех, кто вовлечены) and the environment in which they operate. This process creates a dynamic interaction; this interaction is not perfect.
As for managers, they spend more than 75 percent on communication. No doubt, communication is the key to planning, leading and organizing.
Коммуникации вовлекают людей. И это - очевидный факт. Факт, что люди являются динамическими и уникальными, - то, что делает мир интересным, но коммуникации сложными.
Поскольку все уникальны, все представляют мир по-разному. Поскольку события жизни каждого человека отличаются, коммуникации проходят умственные "фильтры". Фильтры состоят из всех вещей, которые существуют в мнениях, которые будут влиять на интерпретацию символов. Ясно, каждый фильтр уникален, потому что нет двух людей, которые имеют идентичные события.
Процесс коммуникации тогда зависит от вовлеченных лиц (тех, кто вовлечены) и окружающей среды, в которой они работают. Этот процесс создает динамическое взаимодействие; это взаимодействие не прекрасно.
Что касается менеджеров, они тратят больше чем 75 процентов на коммуникацию. Без сомнения, коммуникация - ключ к планированию, продвижению и организации.
VIII. Подготовьте устные темы «Мой рабочий день», «О себе».
My name is Alexander. My full name is Alexander Sergeevich Slusarenko. I was born to a family of a sailor on a submarine. My family is not small. There are four of us. When I was 7, I went to school. I did well at school. I was especially good at math and geometry, but also coped with the rest of the subjects. Thus from the point of view of my progress at school I didn't cause much trouble to my parents. But I did make them worry because I used to come home rather late. The thing is I went in for swimming and our training finished at about 7 p.m. I lived far from the swimming-pool, so it took me quite a lot of time to get home. When at school I fell into the habit of reading a lot. At first I read everything I caught hold of but the order I grew the more definite my tastes in books became. I took to reading historic books, books about adventures. I read very much technics books about computers and all that connect to it such as mathematics, phisics, programming and others. Now I think about this, I come to the conclusion I should be grateful to my parents for this habit: they themselves read much and encourage my reading. I am sure books will be my friends all my life. In my last year of schooling I often wondered what I would be in future, what sphere of life I should choose. After a number of heated discussions with my parents and friends I decided to dwell my choice on applied mathematics. I think I shall make a good mathematician.
«Мой рабочий день»
A typical day goes something like this. We get up around 6 a.m., wash, have some coffee and toast, let the dog outside and feed him, bring the dog back in and leave for work. I drop Martha off at her job around 7:15 a.m. and then I drive to the University (from our house to her work is about three miles, from her work to the University is another three). I park the car and get to my office by 7:45 a.m. Then I check my schedule and start to work. Around 11:30 a.m. we break for lunch. I usually eat at the student union with co-worker or other students. Then back to work. I usually leave for the day at 4:30 p.m. I pick Martha up at her job and we are back home by 5:30 p.m. After changing into more comfortable clothes, we turn on the television to watch the news while we prepare dinner. After dinner, we may study. go shopping, or just relax and watch television or listen to music. Saturdays are a bit different. We often sleep late, until 9:00 a.m. or even a bit later. Once or twice a month we may go out for breakfast at a local restaurant. The rest of the day is spent working on the house, studying, or running errands. Saturday evening is often spent with friends or family members, typically over dinner, or we go to a concert.