WORDS DENOTING STATE
Exercise 1. Point out the words denoting state. Translate into Russian.
1. The afternoon was full of transfiguring sunshine, some Judas trees were abloom in the villa gardens... (Wells) 2. I did not mind for myself. I should not have cared if had been alone. (Du Maurier) 3....his soul was all ablaze with bliss... (Twain) 4. We are not afraid of the truth. (Gow and D’Usseau) 5. The rest of his costurne... were the things he had worn at the funeral of his father. So nearly akin are human joy and sorrow. (Wells) 6. The lieutenant... Jay asleep on the other bed. (Hemingway) 7. He lit a pool of paraffin on the scullery floor and instantly a nest of wavering blue flame became agog for prey. (Wells) 8, He [Mr. Polly] rattled and stormed and felt the parlour already ablaze behind him. (Wells) 9. But Mr. Polly's establishment looked more like a house afire than most houses on fire contrive to look from start to finish. (Wells) 10. You know- everything there is to know about me. There's not much, because I have not been alive for wery long. (Du Maurier) П. He did not answer. I was aware again of that feeling of discomfort. (Du Maurier)
Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the verbs.
To worry, to precipitate, to forbid, to retire, to retell, to do away, to whitewash, to whiten, to ascend, to apologize, to engage, to enfold, to give in, to decompose, to translate, to transport, to browbeat, to subscribe, to subordinate, to run away, to underestimate, to backbite, to mislead, to forget, to succeed, to disobey, to take off, to overrun, to satisfy, to recede, to come in, to resign, to superintend, I to descend, to blackmail, to put up, to unbind, to win, to counteract, to go on, to forecast, to befriend, to go away, to lie, to predispose.
Exercise 2. Point out notional, auxiliary, modal, and link verbs.
She went into the drawing-room and lighted the fire; then, picking up the cushions, one by one, that Mary had disposed so care-1 fully, she threw them back onto the chairs and the couches. That] made all the difference; the room came alive at once. As she wasi about to throw the last one she surprised herself by suddenly hugging it to her, passionately, passionately. But it did not put ou the fire in her bosom. Oh, on the contrary!
The windows of the drawing-room opened onto a balcony overlooking the garden. At the far end, against the wall, there wasi a tall, slender pear tree in fullest, richest bloom; it stood perfect,' as though becalmed against the jade-green sky. Bertha couldn't! help feeling, even from this distance, that it had not a single bud] or a faded petal. Down below, in the garden beds, the red and yellow tulips, heavy with flowers, seemed to lean upon the dusk. A grey cat, dragging its belly, crept across the lawn, and a black; one, its shadow, trailed after. The sight of them, so intent and scj quick, gave Bertha a curious shiver. Really — really — she had everything. She was young. Harry and she were as much in love as ever, and they got on together splendidly. She had an adorable baby. They didn't have to worry about money. They had this absolutely satisfactory house and garden. (Mansfield)
Exercise 3. Point out all the verbs. State whether they are transitive oi intransitive. Translate into Russian.
1. She had spoiled his life, wounded his pride to death, de frauded him of a son. (Galsworthy) 2. The door opened, and a thick set heavy-looking young man entered... (Eliot) 3. The paddock was fairly well filled with people and they were walking the horses around in a ring under the trees behind the grandstand. (Hemingway) 4. Fleur did not answer. She stood for a moment looking at him and he mother... (Galsworthy) 5. After turning the matter over and con suiting with Irene, he wrote to his daughter, Mrs. Val Dartie.. (Galsworthy) 6. The soldiers pushed the foreign workers into groups and led them off. (Heym) 7. Hughson marched him up to a sort of jarge desk that was all glass and shining metal. (Priestley) 8. While she stood hesitating, the door opened, and an old man came forth shading a candle with one hand. (Hardy) 9. Fleur looked at her watch and rose. (Galsworthy) 10. It was Fleur's turn now. She spoke of dogs, and the way people treated them. (Galsworthy) jl. The stream which worked the mill came bubbling down in a dozen rivulets. (Galsworthy) 12. He was waiting for us... at the public house; and asked me how I found myself, like an old acquaintance. I did not feel, at first, that I knew him as well as he knew me, because he had never come to our house since the night I was born, and naturally he had the advantage of me. (Dickens)
TENSES IN THE ACTIVE VOICE
Exercise 1. Insert the Present Indefinite or Future Indefinite.
1. When you __ to Martin, we shall often meet, (to be married) (Murdoch and Priestley) 2. Wait here, in case I __ you. (to want) (Collins) 3. Where __ you __ "when the seminary __, Padre? (to go, to close) (Voynich) 4. Give me the railway guide, and I'll tell you when he __ here to-morrow, (to be) (Collins) 5. You __ here till it __ time to go to the barrier, (to stay, to be) (Voynich) 6. If you __ me who you are I __ the dog on you. (to tell — negative, to set) (Abrahams) -7. I'm going abroad next week. I don't know when I __ back, (to be) (Greene) 8. My father-in-law is asleep... As soon as he __, he will, I know, want to see you. (to wake) (Christie) 9. I __ Blackstable till I __ your wife, (to leave — negative, to be) (Maugham) 10. You must wait, my friend, before you __ an answer to that question, (to get) (Christie) 11. Will you wait a minute while I __ the manuscript? (to look through) (Voynich) 12. If you __ not to tell mother, I __ you something, (to promise, to tell) (Voynich) 13. "I want to see Annette." I don't know if she __ you." (to see) (Maugham) 14. I a,m sure you'll like him when you __ him. (to see) (Maugham) 15. Heaven knows when your poor child __ England again, (to see) (Dickens) 16. "Do they know when he __ in?" asked Charlie, (to be) (Priestley) 17. The day will come when you __... why I am silent even to you. (to know) (Collins) 18. She'll then be sent to some place of detention for a time. However, after a reasonable interval she'll be allowed to leave, provided she __ in Austria, (to stay — negative) (Hilton)